A1 Journal article (refereed)
Investigating quality indicators of early childhood education programs in Kosovo, Ukraine and Finland (2020)

von Suchodoletz, A., Larsen, R., Uka, F., Nadyukova, I., Pakarinen, E., & Lerkkanen, M.-K. (2020). Investigating quality indicators of early childhood education programs in Kosovo, Ukraine and Finland. International Journal of Early Years Education, Early online. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669760.2020.1848527

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: von Suchodoletz, Antje; Larsen, Ross; Uka, Fitim; Nadyukova, Iryna; Pakarinen, Eija; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina

Journal or series: International Journal of Early Years Education

ISSN: 0966-9760

eISSN: 1469-8463

Publication year: 2020

Volume: Early online

Publisher: Routledge

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09669760.2020.1848527

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


The existing literature on early childhood education (ECE) quality is predominantly from the US or other developed countries. In low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs), systematic research on ECE quality, however, is very limited. In the present study, we explore variation in structural and process indicators of ECE quality in two Eastern European LMICs, Kosovo and Ukraine, using the Classroom Assessment Scoring System Pre-K (CLASS) as a measure of process quality for the first time in these countries. We also include Finland because governments in Kosovo and Ukraine show a particular interest in the Finnish education model to inform policy reforms. Participants were kindergarten teachers (n=177) from these three countries who were observed in their classrooms and asked to complete questionnaires. Results indicated variability in ECE quality at various levels, both within and across the three countries. Directions for future research and implications for practice and policy development in LMICs are discussed.

Keywords: early childhood education and care; day care centres; teaching profession; teacher-pupil relationship; quality systems; quality work

Free keywords: structural quality; process quality; CLASS Pre-K; kindergarten; LMICs; ECE quality; structural characteristics; teacher–child interactions

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Ministry reporting: No, publication in press

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2021-07-07 at 17:46