A1 Journal article (refereed)
Maternal body mass index, change in weight status from childhood to late adulthood and physical activity in older age (2021)


Westberg, A. P., Wasenius, N., Salonen, M. K., von Bonsdorff, M. B., & Eriksson, J. G. (2021). Maternal body mass index, change in weight status from childhood to late adulthood and physical activity in older age. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 31(3), 752-762. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13891


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Westberg, Anna P.; Wasenius, Niko; Salonen, Minna K.; von Bonsdorff, Mikaela B.; Eriksson, Johan G.

Journal or series: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports

ISSN: 0905-7188

eISSN: 1600-0838

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 31

Issue number: 3

Pages range: 752-762

Publisher: Wiley

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13891

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/72872


Abstract

This study aimed to examine the longitudinal associations of maternal body mass index (BMI), weight status in childhood and late adulthood and device‐measured total physical activity (TPA) in older age.

The study involves 552 participants from Helsinki Birth Cohort Study who were born in Helsinki, Finland in 1934–1944. TPA was measured with a multisensory body monitor at a mean age of 70 years and expressed in metabolic equivalent of task‐hours/day (METh/d). Childhood overweight (BMI >85th percentile) was based on school health records at 6‐7 years of age and late adulthood overweight (BMI ≥25 kg/m2) was based on clinical measurements at the mean age of 61 years.

Childhood overweight was associated with lower TPA, particularly in older women (mean difference ‐3.2 METh/d, 95% confidence interval (CI) ‐4.6– ‐1.9), and late adulthood overweight was associated with lower TPA both in older women (mean difference ‐6.2, 95% CI (‐7.2– ‐5.1) and in older men (mean difference ‐2.6 METh/d, 95% CI ‐3.7 – ‐1.5). TPA in older age was highest in participants who were normal weight both in childhood and adulthood and lowest in participants who were overweight in childhood and adulthood. In participants with childhood overweight, TPA was lower in participants who were overweight in childhood and adulthood, compared to those who were overweight only in childhood. There was a U‐shaped distribution of TPA according to maternal BMI in older women (p=0.002), but not in older men.

In conclusion, reaching normal weight after childhood predicted higher physical activity levels in older age.


Keywords: physical training; physical activeness; overweight; childhood; children (age groups); mothers; pregnancy; health effects; health promotion

Free keywords: physical activity; overweight; obesity; maternal obesity


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

Preliminary JUFO rating: 2


Last updated on 2021-07-07 at 17:55