A4 Article in conference proceedings
Estimating Programming Exercise Difficulty using Performance Factors Analysis (2020)

Tirronen, V., & Tirronen, M. (2020). Estimating Programming Exercise Difficulty using Performance Factors Analysis. In FIE 2020 : Proceedings of the 50th IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference. IEEE. Conference proceedings : Frontiers in Education Conference. https://doi.org/10.1109/FIE44824.2020.9274142

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsTirronen, Ville; Tirronen, Maria

Parent publicationFIE 2020 : Proceedings of the 50th IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference


  • Frontiers in Education Conference

Place and date of conferenceUppsala, Sweden21.-24.10.2020



Journal or seriesConference proceedings : Frontiers in Education Conference



Publication year2020


Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/74032


This Work in Progress Paper studies student and exercise modelling based on pass/fail log data gathered from an introductory programming course. Contemporary education capitalizes on the communications technology and remote study. This can create distance between the teacher and students and the resulting lack of awareness of the difficulties students encounter can lead to low student satisfaction, dropout and poor grades. In many cases, various technological solutions are used to collect individual exercise submissions, but there are little resources for indexing or modelling the exercises in depth. Exercise specific feedback from students may not be easily obtainable either. In the present study, we attempt to create student-exercises models solely on pass/fail log data by using statistical techniques. We conclude that such data is insufficient for student modelling, but that it can be used to credibly estimate the difficulty of programming exercises.

Keywordsinformation technologystudystudentsmodelling (representation)evaluationdirection (instruction and guidance)contentmentstudy performance

Free keywordsexercise modelling; intelligent tutor; learning factors analysis; performance factors analysis

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2020

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 10:26