A1 Journal article (refereed)
Longitudinal dynamics of multiple conserved charges (2021)

Fotakis, Jan A.; Greif, Moritz; Niemi, Harri; Denicol, Gabriel S.; Greiner, Carsten (2021). Longitudinal dynamics of multiple conserved charges. Nuclear Physics A, 1005, 121899. DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2020.121899

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Publication details

All authors or editors: Fotakis, Jan A.; Greif, Moritz; Niemi, Harri; Denicol, Gabriel S.; Greiner, Carsten

Journal or series: Nuclear Physics A

ISSN: 0375-9474

eISSN: 1873-1554

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 1005

Article number: 121899

Publisher: Elsevier BV

Publication country: Netherlands

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2020.121899

Open Access: Publication channel is not openly available

Additional information: Part of special issue:
The 28th International Conference on Ultra-relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions: Quark Matter 2019
Edited by Feng Liu, Enke Wang, Xin-Nian Wang, Nu Xu, Ben-Wei Zhang


It is the goal of the RHIC BES program and the future FAIR and NICA facilities to produce compressed baryonic matter. In experiments such as these, strong gradients in baryon density are expected, and therefore the diffusion of baryon number could play a major role in the description of the fireball. The constituents of the produced matter carry a multitude of conserved charges, namely the baryon number, strangeness and electric charge, so that the diffusion currents of conserved charge couple with each other. Therefore, baryon density gradients in the above-mentioned high-density collision experiments will generate equalizing currents in all conserved charges. In common fluid dynamic studies of the evolution of the fireball, this coupling of currents was not accounted for. For the first time, we provide a fluid dynamical approach that includes the complete diffusion coefficient matrix, which describes the evolution of a dense system with multiple conserved charges. A novel phenomenon arises from the coupled diffusion currents: the generation of positive and negative net-strangeness domains from originally net-strangeness neutral matter. We show how these domains are generated dynamically and argue that observing the rapidity dependence of net-strangeness can give an experimental access to diffusion in future.

Keywords: particle physics; nuclear physics

Free keywords: diffusion; multiple conserved charges; heavy-ion collisions; fluid dynamics

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Last updated on 2020-16-12 at 15:24