A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Longitudinal dynamics of multiple conserved charges (2021)


Fotakis, J. A., Greif, M., Niemi, H., Denicol, G. S., & Greiner, C. (2021). Longitudinal dynamics of multiple conserved charges. Nuclear Physics A, 1005, Article 121899. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2020.121899


JYU-tekijät tai -toimittajat


Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajat: Fotakis, Jan A.; Greif, Moritz; Niemi, Harri; Denicol, Gabriel S.; Greiner, Carsten

Lehti tai sarja: Nuclear Physics A

ISSN: 0375-9474

eISSN: 1873-1554

Julkaisuvuosi: 2021

Volyymi: 1005

Artikkelinumero: 121899

Kustantaja: Elsevier BV

Julkaisumaa: Alankomaat

Julkaisun kieli: englanti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2020.121899

Julkaisun avoin saatavuus: Ei avoin

Julkaisukanavan avoin saatavuus:

Lisätietoja: Part of special issue:
The 28th International Conference on Ultra-relativistic Nucleus-Nucleus Collisions: Quark Matter 2019
Edited by Feng Liu, Enke Wang, Xin-Nian Wang, Nu Xu, Ben-Wei Zhang


Tiivistelmä

It is the goal of the RHIC BES program and the future FAIR and NICA facilities to produce compressed baryonic matter. In experiments such as these, strong gradients in baryon density are expected, and therefore the diffusion of baryon number could play a major role in the description of the fireball. The constituents of the produced matter carry a multitude of conserved charges, namely the baryon number, strangeness and electric charge, so that the diffusion currents of conserved charge couple with each other. Therefore, baryon density gradients in the above-mentioned high-density collision experiments will generate equalizing currents in all conserved charges. In common fluid dynamic studies of the evolution of the fireball, this coupling of currents was not accounted for. For the first time, we provide a fluid dynamical approach that includes the complete diffusion coefficient matrix, which describes the evolution of a dense system with multiple conserved charges. A novel phenomenon arises from the coupled diffusion currents: the generation of positive and negative net-strangeness domains from originally net-strangeness neutral matter. We show how these domains are generated dynamically and argue that observing the rapidity dependence of net-strangeness can give an experimental access to diffusion in future.


YSO-asiasanat: hiukkasfysiikka; ydinfysiikka

Vapaat asiasanat: diffusion; multiple conserved charges; heavy-ion collisions; fluid dynamics


Liittyvät organisaatiot

JYU-yksiköt:


Hankkeet, joissa julkaisu on tehty


OKM-raportointi: Kyllä

Raportointivuosi: 2021

Alustava JUFO-taso: 1


Viimeisin päivitys 2021-07-07 klo 17:56