A3 Book section, Chapters in research books
Digital Activism in Russia : The Evolution and Forms of Online Participation in an Authoritarian State (2021)

Lonkila, M., Shpakovskaya, L., & Torchinsky, P. (2021). Digital Activism in Russia : The Evolution and Forms of Online Participation in an Authoritarian State. In D. Gritsenko, M. Wijermars, & M. Kopotev (Eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Digital Russia Studies (pp. 135-153). Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-42855-6_8

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsLonkila, Markku; Shpakovskaya, Larisa; Torchinsky, Philip

Parent publicationThe Palgrave Handbook of Digital Russia Studies

Parent publication editorsGritsenko, Daria; Wijermars, Mariëlle; Kopotev, Mikhail



Publication year2021

Pages range135-153

Number of pages in the book612

PublisherPalgrave Macmillan

Place of PublicationCham

Publication countrySwitzerland

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/73474


This chapter describes how digitalization has affected activism in Russia by tracing the evolution, particularity, and the most visible forms of online activism in the context of the increasingly authoritarian Russian state. It discusses online activism in relation to “connective action” and illustrates it with two examples of contentious political activism: the anti-corruption campaign led by Alexei Navalny and the struggle to protect online communication from state surveillance by the Telegram messenger service. In addition, the chapter presents examples of Russian activism, which do not directly challenge the Kremlin.

Keywordspolitical activitypolitical participationcivic activismactivismdigitalisationonline communitiessocial media

Free keywordsDigital activism; Russia; Russian activism; Political activism

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating3

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 20:41