A1 Journal article (refereed)
Associations of physical performance and physical activity with mental well-being in middle-aged women (2021)

Bondarev, D., Sipilä, S., Finni, T., Kujala, U. M., Aukee, P., Kovanen, V., Laakkonen, E., & Kokko, K. (2021). Associations of physical performance and physical activity with mental well-being in middle-aged women. BMC Public Health, 21, Article 1448. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11485-2

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Bondarev, Dmitriy; Sipilä, Sarianna; Finni, Taija; Kujala, Urho M.; Aukee, Pauliina; Kovanen, Vuokko; Laakkonen, Eija; Kokko, Katja

Journal or series: BMC Public Health

eISSN: 1471-2458

Publication year: 2021

Publication date: 28/12/2020

Volume: 21

Article number: 1448

Publisher: Biomed Central

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-11485-2

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/77203

Web address of parallel published publication (pre-print): https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-42216/v2


To investigate whether physical performance is independently of physical activity (PA) associated with positive and negative dimensions of mental well-being in middle-aged women.

Data were drawn from the Estrogenic Regulation of Muscle Apoptosis (ERMA) study in which women 47 to 55 years were randomly selected from the Finnish National Registry. They (n = 909) participated in measurements of physical performance (handgrip force, knee extension force, vertical jumping height, maximal walking speed, and six-minute walking distance). Both mental well-being (the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the International Positive and Negative Affect Schedule Short Form and the Satisfaction with Life Scale) and PA were self-reported. Associations between variables were analysed using multivariate linear regression modelling adjusted for body height, fat mass %, menopausal status and symptoms, marital status, parity, employment status, self-reported mental disorders, and use of psycholeptics and psychoanaleptics. PA was then entered into a separate model to explore its role in the associations.

In the adjusted models, significant positive associations of six-minute walking distance with positive affectivity (B = 0.12, p = 0.002) and life satisfaction (B = 0.15, p = 0.033) were observed. No significant associations were observed between physical performance and depressive symptoms or negative affectivity. PA was positively associated with positive affectivity and life satisfaction and negatively with depressive symptoms across all the physical performance variables.

Of the physical performance dimensions, aerobic component was associated with positive mental well-being independently of PA level. In relation to other physical performance components, the results point to the benefits of physical activity for mental well-being.

Keywords: depression (mental disorders); contentment; affectivity; performance (capacity); middle-aged persons; women; aerobic capacity

Free keywords: depressive symptoms; life satisfaction; negative affectivity; positive affectivity; physical performance; middle-age women; aerobic capacity

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2023-12-10 at 15:28