A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health : An international study (2020)


Gloster, Andrew T.; Lamnisos, Demetris; Lubenko, Jelena; Presti, Giovambattista; Squatrito, Valeria; Constantinou, Marios; Nicolaou, Christiana; Papacostas, Savvas; Aydın, Gökçen; Chong, Yuen Yu et al. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on mental health : An international study. PLoS ONE, 15 (12), e0244809. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0244809


JYU-tekijät tai -toimittajat


Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajat: Gloster, Andrew T.; Lamnisos, Demetris; Lubenko, Jelena; Presti, Giovambattista; Squatrito, Valeria; Constantinou, Marios; Nicolaou, Christiana; Papacostas, Savvas; Aydın, Gökçen; Chong, Yuen Yu; et al.

Lehti tai sarja: PLoS ONE

eISSN: 1932-6203

Julkaisuvuosi: 2020

Volyymi: 15

Lehden numero: 12

Artikkelinumero: e0244809

Kustantaja: Public Library of Science (PLoS)

Julkaisumaa: Yhdysvallat (USA)

Julkaisun kieli: englanti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0244809

Avoin saatavuus: Open access -julkaisukanavassa ilmestynyt julkaisu

Julkaisu on rinnakkaistallennettu (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/73589


Tiivistelmä

Background
The COVID-19 pandemic triggered vast governmental lockdowns. The impact of these lockdowns on mental health is inadequately understood. On the one hand such drastic changes in daily routines could be detrimental to mental health. On the other hand, it might not be experienced negatively, especially because the entire population was affected.

Methods
The aim of this study was to determine mental health outcomes during pandemic induced lockdowns and to examine known predictors of mental health outcomes. We therefore surveyed n = 9,565 people from 78 countries and 18 languages. Outcomes assessed were stress, depression, affect, and wellbeing. Predictors included country, sociodemographic factors, lockdown characteristics, social factors, and psychological factors.

Results
Results indicated that on average about 10% of the sample was languishing from low levels of mental health and about 50% had only moderate mental health. Importantly, three consistent predictors of mental health emerged: social support, education level, and psychologically flexible (vs. rigid) responding. Poorer outcomes were most strongly predicted by a worsening of finances and not having access to basic supplies.

Conclusions
These results suggest that on whole, respondents were moderately mentally healthy at the time of a population-wide lockdown. The highest level of mental health difficulties were found in approximately 10% of the population. Findings suggest that public health initiatives should target people without social support and those whose finances worsen as a result of the lockdown. Interventions that promote psychological flexibility may mitigate the impact of the pandemic.


YSO-asiasanat: mielenterveys; masennus; COVID-19; pandemiat; kansainvälinen vertailu

Vapaat asiasanat: psychological stress; depression; mental health; COVID 19; pandemics


Liittyvät organisaatiot

JYU-yksiköt:


OKM-raportointi: Kyllä

Alustava JUFO-taso: 1


Viimeisin päivitys 2021-13-01 klo 07:55