A1 Journal article (refereed)
Collaboration for Inclusive Practices : Teaching Staff Perspectives from Finland (2022)

Paju, B., Kajamaa, A., Pirttimaa, R., & Kontu, E. (2022). Collaboration for Inclusive Practices : Teaching Staff Perspectives from Finland. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 66(3), 427-440. https://doi.org/10.1080/00313831.2020.1869087

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsPaju, Birgit; Kajamaa, Anu; Pirttimaa, Raija; Kontu, Elina

Journal or seriesScandinavian Journal of Educational Research



Publication year2022

Publication date11/01/2021


Issue number3

Pages range427-440


Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/73693


Collaboration between educators is considered to be the key issue when implementing inclusive practices within schools. An open-ended questionnaire and semi-structured interviews were used to extend the current understanding of collaboration between teaching staff. The questionnaire was administrated to 167 classroom teachers, subject teachers, special education teachers and teaching assistants in primary, secondary and special education public schools in Finland. Also, semi-structured interviews with 20 participants were used to deepen the understanding of the elements included in the teaching activity in diverse classrooms. The results indicate coordination, cooperation, and reflective communication as modes of collaborative action in the participants’ teaching. By combining the perspectives of the activity theory framework and modes of collaboration, the results illuminate how educators often wished to have collaboration but usually played their traditional positions in the multilayered teaching activity. The implications for preparing educators to enhance reflective collaboration for more effective inclusive practices are discussed.

Keywordsspecial education (teaching)inclusioncooperation (general)teachersspecial needs teaching assistantsactivity theory

Free keywordscollaboration; inclusive education; inclusive practices; special education; teachers; teaching assistants; activity theory

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-14-06 at 23:47