A1 Journal article (refereed)
Do opposite ends of same factors underlie life satisfaction vs. depressive symptoms among older people? (2021)


Pynnönen, K., Kokko, K., Saajanaho, M., Törmäkangas, T., Portegijs, E., & Rantanen, T. (2021). Do opposite ends of same factors underlie life satisfaction vs. depressive symptoms among older people?. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 33(9), 2557-2564. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40520-020-01765-z


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editorsPynnönen, Katja; Kokko, Katja; Saajanaho, Milla; Törmäkangas, Timo; Portegijs, Erja; Rantanen, Taina

Journal or seriesAging Clinical and Experimental Research

ISSN1594-0667

eISSN1720-8319

Publication year2021

Publication date27/01/2021

Volume33

Issue number9

Pages range2557-2564

PublisherSpringer

Publication countryGermany

Publication languageEnglish

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s40520-020-01765-z

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/73925


Abstract

Background
Although depressive symptoms are more common among older than younger age groups, life satisfaction tends to remain stable over the life course, possibly because the underlying factors or processes differ.

Aim
To study whether the factors that increase the likelihood of high life satisfaction also decrease the likelihood of depressive symptoms among older people.

Methods
The data were a population-based probability sample drawn from community-dwelling people aged 75, 80, and 85 years (n = 1021). Participants’ life satisfaction was measured with the Satisfaction with Life Scale and depressive symptoms with the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Physical performance, perceived financial situation, executive functions, loneliness, self-acceptance, and having interests in one’s life were studied as explanatory variables. The data were analyzed using cross-sectional bivariate linear modeling.

Results
Better physical performance, not perceiving loneliness, having special interests in one’s life, and higher self-acceptance were associated with higher life satisfaction and fewer depressive symptoms. Better financial situation was related only to life satisfaction. Executive functions were not associated with either of the outcomes.

Discussion
The opposite ends of the same factors underlie positive and negative dimensions of mental well-being.

Conclusion
Further studies are warranted to better understand how people maintain life satisfaction with aging when many resources may diminish and depressive symptoms become more prevalent.


Keywordsolder peoplewell-beingmental well-beingcontentmentdepression (mental disorders)

Free keywordsmental well-being; emotional well-being; life resources; aged people


Contributing organizations


Related projects


Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating1


Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 20:05