A1 Journal article (refereed)
Sex-specific responses to cold in a very cold-tolerant, northern Drosophila species (2021)

Parker, D. J., Envall, T., Ritchie, M. G., & Kankare, M. (2021). Sex-specific responses to cold in a very cold-tolerant, northern Drosophila species. Heredity, 126(4), 695-705. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41437-020-00398-2

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Publication details

All authors or editors: Parker, Darren J.; Envall, Tapio; Ritchie, Michael G.; Kankare, Maaria

Journal or series: Heredity

ISSN: 0018-067X

eISSN: 1365-2540

Publication year: 2021

Publication date: 28/01/2021

Volume: 126

Issue number: 4

Pages range: 695-705

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41437-020-00398-2

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/73936


Organisms can plastically alter resource allocation in response to changing environmental factors. For example, in harsh conditions, organisms are expected to shift investment from reproduction toward survival; however, the factors and mechanisms that govern the magnitude of such shifts are relatively poorly studied. Here we compared the impact of cold on males and females of the highly cold-tolerant species Drosophila montana at the phenotypic and transcriptomic levels. Although both sexes showed similar changes in cold tolerance and gene expression in response to cold treatment, indicating that the majority of changes are concordant between the sexes, we identified a clear reduction in sexually dimorphic gene expression, suggesting that preparing for the colder season involves reducing investment in sex-specific traits. This reduction was larger in males than females, as expected if male sexual traits are more condition-dependent than female traits, as predicted by theory. Gene expression changes were primarily associated with shifts in metabolic profile, which likely play a role in increasing cold tolerance. Finally, we found that the expression of immune genes was reduced following cold treatment, suggesting that reduced investment in costly immune function may be important in helping flies survive colder periods.

Keywords: evolutionary biology; environmental changes; adaptation (change); cold resistance; gene expression; gender; Drosophilidae

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2023-03-10 at 11:48