A1 Journal article (refereed)
Ten Essential Features of European Dual Career Development Environments : A Multiple Case Study (2021)

Storm, L. K., Henriksen, K., Stambulova, N., Cartigny, E., Ryba, T. V., De Brandt, K., Ramis, Y., & Erpič, S. C. (2021). Ten Essential Features of European Dual Career Development Environments : A Multiple Case Study. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 54, Article 101918. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2021.101918

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Storm, Louise K.; Henriksen, Kristoffer; Stambulova, Natalia; Cartigny, Emily; Ryba, Tatiana V.; De Brandt, Koen; Ramis, Yago; Erpič, Saša Cecić

Journal or series: Psychology of Sport and Exercise

ISSN: 1469-0292

eISSN: 1878-5476

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 54

Article number: 101918

Publisher: Elsevier BV

Publication country: Netherlands

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2021.101918

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/74627


Dual career development environments (DCDEs) support athletes' effort in combining their competitive sporting careers with education or work. The characteristics of the environments may differ across cultures. The aim was to identify essential features of DCDEs based on a cross-case analysis of seven European DCDEs in Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom within the Erasmus+ Sport project “Ecology of Dual Career”.

The study was designed as a multiple case study and based on two holistic ecological working models (Henriksen et al., 2020). The cross-case analysis included series of focus group discussions, in which two-three researchers from each partner country and four dual career (DC) support providers compared the findings across seven national cases with a primary focus on similarities rather than differences.

A list of ten essential features of the DCDEs, structured into two overarching themes. (1) Holistic structure with five subthemes: Dedicated DC support team, Integration of efforts across the whole environment, A clear understanding of DC issues and support from across the environment, Role models and mentorship, and Access to expert support. (2) Shared DC philosophy also had five subthemes: A whole-person approach, An empowerment approach, Flexible DC solutions, Care of DC athlete's mental health and wellbeing, and An open and proactive approach to the development of the environment.

The features are introduced in the manner of discussions, thus providing detailed information about the DCDEs without losing (too much) contextual information. These features can help researcher-practitioners to understand DCDEs and guide their optimization.

Keywords: well-being; athletes; professional sports career; education and training; study

Free keywords: holistic ecological approach; case study; sport and education; cross-national; Erasmus+; dual career

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 13:08