A1 Journal article (refereed)
Akbarian Scepticism in Islam : Qūnawī's Sceptical Arguments from Relativity and Disagreement (2022)

Daşdemir, Y. (2022). Akbarian Scepticism in Islam : Qūnawī's Sceptical Arguments from Relativity and Disagreement. Theoria: a Swedish Journal of Philosophy, 88(1), 202-225. https://doi.org/10.1111/theo.12298

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsDaşdemir, Yusuf

Journal or seriesTheoria: a Swedish Journal of Philosophy



Publication year2022

Publication date02/02/2021


Issue number1

Pages range202-225

PublisherWiley; Stifielsen Theoria

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOther way freely accessible online

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/75003


This study deals with the sceptical arguments by one of the most important figures in the philosophical Sufi tradition (the Akbarian school) and the foremost disciple of Ibn ʿArabī, Ṣadr al‐Dīn al‐Qūnawī. Though not a sceptic in the strict sense, Qūnawī employs sceptical arguments from relativity of rational knowledge and disagreement among philosophers to prove inefficacy of reason and rational procedures of knowledge in terms of achieving certain knowledge of metaphysical matters, namely of God and the ultimate principles of things. The paper questions Qūnawī's implicit assumption that, if there is disagreement on a proposition p, then p is relative and thus cannot provide certain knowledge. It aims to philosophically analyse and assess his scepticism as well as to shed light on the largely unknown terrain of scepticism in the mediaeval Islamic world.

KeywordsArabic philosophySufismmysticismtheory of knowledgeinformationrationalityskepticismrelativismrelativity

Free keywordsscepticism; Sufism; The Akbarian School of Sufism; Ṣadr al‐Dīn al‐Qūnawī; relativity; disagreement

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Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-15-06 at 00:26