A1 Journal article (refereed)
The Development and Initial Validation of a Short, Self-Report Measure on Social Inclusion for People with Intellectual Disabilities : A Transnational Study (2021)


Asunta, P., Rintala, P., Pochstein, F., Lyyra, N., & McConkey, R. (2021). The Development and Initial Validation of a Short, Self-Report Measure on Social Inclusion for People with Intellectual Disabilities : A Transnational Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(5), Article 2540. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052540


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Asunta, Piritta; Rintala, Pauli; Pochstein, Florian; Lyyra, Nelli; McConkey, Roy

Journal or series: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

ISSN: 1661-7827

eISSN: 1660-4601

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 18

Issue number: 5

Article number: 2540

Publisher: MDPI AG

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052540

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/74523


Abstract

Sport has been promoted as a means of increasing the social inclusion of persons with intellectual disabilities. Suitable tools for evaluating this claim are not readily available. The aim of this study was to develop a self-report tool for use by people with intellectual disabilities regarding the social inclusion they experience in sport and in the community. A three-phase process was used. In the first phase an item bank of questionnaire items was created and field-tested with 111 participants. Initial factor analysis identified 42 items which were further evaluated in Phase 2 with 941 participants from six European countries. Construct validity was established first through Exploratory and then Confirmatory factor analysis. These analyses identified ten items relating to inclusion in sports and ten to inclusion in local communities. A third phase checked the usability and test-retest reliability of the short form with a further 228 participants. In all, 1280 athletes and non-disabled partners were involved from eight countries. This short social inclusion questionnaire has been shown to be a reliable and valid measure for use transnationally. Further psychometric properties remain to be tested; notably its sensitivity to change resulting from interventions aimed at promoting social inclusion.


Keywords: people with intellectual disabilities; disabled people; physical training; sports; participation; complicity; togetherness; inclusion; social relations; communities (organisations); self-evaluation

Free keywords: intellectual disability; social inclusion; sports; community; self-report measures; transnational


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1


Last updated on 2021-09-08 at 13:05