A1 Journal article (refereed)
Yrittäjätaiteilijat vapauden, luovuuden ja toimeentulon rajapinnoilla (2021)
Artrepreneurs at the interfaces between freedom, creativity, and livelihood

Pyykkönen, M., Sokka, S., & Kurlin Niiniaho, A. (2021). Yrittäjätaiteilijat vapauden, luovuuden ja toimeentulon rajapinnoilla. Työelämän tutkimus, 19(1), 57-81. https://doi.org/10.37455/tt.102880

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsPyykkönen, Miikka; Sokka, Sakarias; Kurlin Niiniaho, Ari

Journal or seriesTyöelämän tutkimus



Publication year2021

Publication date12/03/2021


Issue number1

Pages range57-81

PublisherTyöelämän tutkimusyhdistys ry ; Tampereen yliopisto, Työelämän tutkimuskeskus

Publication countryFinland

Publication languageFinnish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/74846


In this article, we examine the nature and motivation factors of work, as well as the incomes of artist freelancers and entrepreneurs under 35 years of age. We refer to them as ‘artrepreneurs’. Our data is composed of artrepreneurs’ responses (n=209) to a survey collected from young artists (n=565) by the Center for Cultural Policy Research (Cupore) and the Arts Promotion Centre Finland (Taike) in 2017. By examining the frequency distributions and cross tabulations with chi-square tests and correlation coefficient tests, we study the impact of different factors on experienced work satisfaction. Our study draws on previous research and theory on artistic and cultural work. The central concepts in our analysis are ‘hybridity’ and ‘precarity’. The most important results are that artrepreneurs’ work is more multidisciplinary and they have more sources of income compared to other young artists. They also
handle the uncertainties of precarious working life better than other young artists.

Keywordsarts sectorartistsartistic workentrepreneurshipentrepreneursfreelance workerswork satisfactionprecarity

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 18:30