A3 Book section, Chapters in research books
Cyber Situational Awareness in Critical Infrastructure Organizations (2021)

Pöyhönen, J., Rajamäki, J., Nuojua, V., & Lehto, M. (2021). Cyber Situational Awareness in Critical Infrastructure Organizations. In T. Tagarev, K. T. Atanassov, V. Kharchenko, & J. Kacprzyk (Eds.), Digital Transformation, Cyber Security and Resilience of Modern Societies (pp. 161-178). Springer. Studies in Big Data, 84. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-65722-2_10

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Pöyhönen, Jouni; Rajamäki, Jyri; Nuojua, Viivi; Lehto, Martti

Parent publication: Digital Transformation, Cyber Security and Resilience of Modern Societies

Parent publication editors: Tagarev, Todor; Atanassov, Krassimir T.; Kharchenko, Vyacheslav; Kacprzyk, Janusz

ISBN: 978-3-030-65724-6

eISBN: 978-3-030-65722-2

Journal or series: Studies in Big Data

ISSN: 2197-6503

eISSN: 2197-6511

Publication year: 2021

Number in series: 84

Pages range: 161-178

Number of pages in the book: 495

Publisher: Springer

Place of Publication: Cham

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-65722-2_10

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/78436


The capability related to cybersecurity plays an ever-growing role on overall national security and securing the functions vital to society. The national cyber capability is mainly composed by resilience of companies running critical infrastructures and their cyber situational awareness (CSA). According to a common view, components of critical infrastructures become more complex and interdependent on each other and, as a consequence, ramifications of incidents multiply. In practice, the actions relate to developing better CSA and understanding of a critical infrastructure organization. The aim is to prepare for incidents and their management in a whole-of-society approach. The arrangement is based on drawing correct situation-specific conclusions and, when needed, on sharing critical knowledge in the cyber networks of society. The target state is achieved with an efficient process that includes a three-leveled (strategic, operational and technical/tactical) operating model related to the organization’s decision-making. The cyber environment is dynamic and hence especially the strategic agility is required when preparing for incidents. The pervasive incidents targeting society are a challenging cyber environment when it comes to the critical reaction speed required by the situation management.

Keywords: cyber security; national security; security environment; infrastructures; situational awareness

Free keywords: critical infrastructure; cybersecurity; information sharing; situational awareness; vital societal functions

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2022-14-09 at 12:15