A1 Journal article (refereed)
Embodied processing of disgust in Mandarin words : An ERP study (2021)

Gu, B., Wang, H., Beltrán, D., Liu, B., Liang, T., Wang, X., & de Vega, M. (2021). Embodied processing of disgust in Mandarin words : An ERP study. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 58, Article 100981. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneuroling.2020.100981

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsGu, Beixian; Wang, Huili; Beltrán, David; Liu, Bo; Liang, Tengfei; Wang, Xiaoshuang; de Vega, Manuel

Journal or seriesJournal of Neurolinguistics



Publication year2021


Article number100981


Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access


The embodiment theory of linguistic meaning posits that comprehension reuses the sensory-motor systems and their neural networks. The present study aims to verify the embodiment theory by investigating the spatiotemporal brain dynamics of processing disgust-related words in Mandarin. These words were chosen because disgust is a basic emotion (e.g., it recruits neural resources in the insula) that has received little attention in neurolinguistics. The participants were required to read disgust-related and neutral words, with instructions to perform a semantic categorization task while their EEG data were recorded. The results revealed that disgust-related words elicited larger amplitudes in the P2 and LPC components of the ERP and reduced the N400 amplitudes compared to neutral words. The source localization for the effects obtained in the P2 time window showed activations of the insula and other sensory and emotion-related brain structures. These results demonstrated the brain dynamics of Mandarin-speaking Chinese participants during emotion processing in words and clearly supported the theory of embodiment semantics.

KeywordsneurolinguisticsemotionsaversionbodilinessChinese language

Free keywordsemotion; disgust-related words; Mandarin; embodiment; ERPs

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 20:07