A1 Journal article (refereed)
The associations between adolescents’ sports club participation and dietary habits (2021)

Heikkilä, L., Korpelainen, R., Aira, T., Alanko, L., Heinonen, O. J., Kokko, S., Kujala, U., Parkkari, J., Savonen, K., Valtonen, M., Vasankari, T., Villberg, J., & Vanhala, M. (2021). The associations between adolescents’ sports club participation and dietary habits. Translational Sports Medicine, 4(5), 617-626. https://doi.org/10.1002/tsm2.249

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Heikkilä, Laura; Korpelainen, Raija; Aira, Tuula; Alanko, Lauri; Heinonen, Olli J; Kokko, Sami; Kujala, Urho; Parkkari, Jari; Savonen, Kai; Valtonen, Maarit; et al.

Journal or series: Translational Sports Medicine

ISSN: 2573-8488

eISSN: 2573-8488

Publication year: 2021

Publication date: 07/04/2021

Volume: 4

Issue number: 5

Pages range: 617-626

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/tsm2.249

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/77616


For adolescent athletes, data on nutrition behaviours are limited. The present study aimed to evaluate the dietary habits of adolescent sports club participants (SPs) compared with those of non‐participants (NPs). The cross‐sectional study of 1917 adolescents aged 14–16 was based on data from the Finnish Health Promoting Sports Club (FHPSC) study. The health behaviour surveys were conducted among SPs (n=1093) and NPs (n=824). Logistic regression was used to test statistical significance of the differences in dietary habits between SPs and NPs. SPs were more likely than NPs to eat breakfast on weekends [89% vs. 79%, odds ratio (OR) 1.46, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.07–2.01] and to report daily consumption of vegetables (46% vs. 32%, OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.04–1.69) and fat‐free or semi‐skimmed milk (72% vs. 55%, OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.04–1.68). Dietary habits regarded as unhealthy, such as sugared soft drink consumption, were similar between the groups. The aforementioned healthy dietary habits are more frequent in SPs than NPs and unhealthy dietary habits are equally frequent in the groups. Both adolescent SPs’ and NPs’ dietary habits have deficiencies, like inadequate vegetable and fruit consumption. Sports clubs’ opportunities for adolescents’ healthy eating promotion should be examined.

Keywords: young people; physical hobbies; athletes; health behaviour; nutritional behaviour; food habits; cross-sectional research

Free keywords: athlete; cross‐sectional; eating behavior; food frequency questionnaire; sports nutrition

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 13:43