A1 Journal article (refereed)
Effectiveness of training in guideline-oriented biopsychosocial management of low-back pain in occupational health services : a cluster randomized controlled trial (2021)


Ryynänen, K., Oura, P., Simula, A.-S., Holopainen, R., Paukkunen, M., Lausmaa, M., Remes, J., Booth, N., Malmivaara, A., & Karppinen, J. (2021). Effectiveness of training in guideline-oriented biopsychosocial management of low-back pain in occupational health services : a cluster randomized controlled trial. Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment and Health, 47(5), 367-376. https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3959


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Ryynänen, Katja; Oura, Petteri; Simula, Anna-Sofia; Holopainen, Riikka; Paukkunen, Maija; Lausmaa, Mikko; Remes, Jouko; Booth, Neill; Malmivaara, Antti; Karppinen, Jaro

Journal or series: Scandinavian Journal of Work Environment and Health

ISSN: 0355-3140

eISSN: 1795-990X

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 47

Issue number: 5

Pages range: 367-376

Publisher: Nordic Association of Occupational Safety and Health NOROSH

Publication country: Finland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3959

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/75111


Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of brief training in the guideline-oriented biopsychosocial management of low-back pain (LBP) in occupational health services using a cluster-randomized design. A small sample of physiotherapists and physicians from the intervention units (N=12) were given three- to seven-day training focusing on the biopsychosocial management of LBP, while professionals in the control units (N=15) received no such training.
Methods: Eligible patients with LBP, with or without radicular pain, aged 18–65, were invited to participate. A web-based questionnaire was sent to all recruited patients at baseline, three months and one year. The primary outcome measure was disability (Oswestry Disability Index, ODI) over one year. Between-group differences were analyzed using linear and generalized linear mixed models adjusted for baseline-response delay as well as variables showing between-group imbalance at baseline.
Results: The final study sample comprised 234 and 81 patients in the intervention and control groups, respectively at baseline, and 137 and 47 patients, respectively, at one year. At baseline, the mean duration of pain was longer in the intervention group (P=0.017), and pain-related fear concerning physical activity was lower (P=0.012). We observed no significant difference between the groups’ primary outcome measure (adjusted one-year mean difference in the ODI: 2.3; 95% confidence interval -1.0–5.7; P=0.175) or most secondary outcomes.
Conclusions: Brief training in guideline-oriented biopsychosocial management of LBP for occupational health professionals did not appear to be effective in reducing patients’ symptom over one-year follow-up compared to treatment as usual.


Keywords: spinal diseases; chronic pain; rehabilitation; occupational health care; psychosocial factors

Free keywords: implementation research; risk stratification; STarT Back Tool; Örebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Preliminary JUFO rating: 2


Last updated on 2021-09-08 at 18:04