A1 Journal article (refereed)
Typology of think tanks : A comparative study in Finland and Scotland (2021)

Mykkänen, M., & Freshwater, N. (2021). Typology of think tanks : A comparative study in Finland and Scotland. Academicus : International Scientific Journal, 2021(23), 72-90. https://doi.org/10.7336/academicus.2021.23.05

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsMykkänen, Markus; Freshwater, Neil

Journal or seriesAcademicus : International Scientific Journal



Publication year2021


Issue number23

Pages range72-90

PublisherAcademicus shpk Albania

Publication countryAlbania

Publication languageEnglish


Persistent website addresshttp://www.academicus.edu.al/nr23/Academicus-MMXX-23-072-090.html

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/75263

Publication is parallel publishedhttps://ideas.repec.org/a/etc/journl/y2021i23p72-90.html


This paper provides a comparative analysis of current Finnish and Scottish think tanks and reviews how think tanks in these countries have evolved, how think tanks seek to influence decision making and engage with their stakeholders. To address the ways of influence this paper looks how Finnish and Scottish think tanks describe themselves and how they use publications in their advocacy. Conducted content analysis indicates that usually registered association based Finnish think tanks are generally more research-focused organisations, who overall deploy more research publications for advocacy than the company based Scottish think tanks. Findings also reveal that the number of think tanks in both countries has greatly increased in the last two decades due to the political challenges with European Union and national politics. The paper provides a new approach to study think tanks in national contexts.

Keywordsthink tankspolitical decision makinginfluencingstakeholder groupscomparative research

Free keywordsadvocacy; policy making; Finland; Scotland

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 16:35