A1 Journal article (refereed)
Gender differences in child and adolescent daily activities : A cross-national time use study (2022)

Gracia, P., Garcia-Roman, J., Oinas, T., & Anttila, T. (2022). Gender differences in child and adolescent daily activities : A cross-national time use study. Acta Sociologica, 65(1), 41-65. https://doi.org/10.1177/00016993211008500

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Gracia, Pablo; Garcia-Roman, Joan; Oinas, Tomi; Anttila, Timo

Journal or series: Acta Sociologica

ISSN: 0001-6993

eISSN: 1502-3869

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 29/04/2021

Volume: 65

Issue number: 1

Pages range: 41-65

Publisher: SAGE Publications

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/00016993211008500

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/75416


This study used 2009–2015 time-diary data to examine gender differences in daily activities among children and adolescents aged 10–17 in Finland, Spain and the UK (N = 3517). In all three countries, boys were significantly more involved in screen-based activities and exercising and girls in domestic work, non-screen educational activities and personal care. Gender differences in socializing time were only significant in the UK, with girls socializing more than boys. Gender gaps within countries were largest in domestic work (UK: 60%; Finland: 58%; Spain: 48%) and exercising (UK: 57%; Finland: 36%; Spain: 27%), followed by educational time (UK: 35%; Finland: 34%; Spain: 18%) and screen-based activities (UK: 31%; Finland: 16%; Spain: 16%), and lower in personal care (UK: 27%; Finland: 21%; Spain: 14%) and socializing (UK; 21%; Finland: 13%; Spain: 6%). Two-way country-gender interactions in children’s activities were statistically significant when comparing Spain and the UK on screen-based activities, socializing, and personal care, with larger gender gaps in the UK than in Spain. By contrast, gender differences in child time use between Finland and either Spain or UK were not statistically significant. The complex role of national contexts and life-course stages in shaping gendered time-use patterns is discussed.

Keywords: children (age groups); young people; time use; gender differences; gender roles; international comparison

Free keywords: cross-national; daily activities

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2022

Preliminary JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 13:34