A1 Journal article (refereed)
‘A Shared Reality between a Journalist and the Audience’ : How Live Journalism Reimagines News Stories (2021)

Ruotsalainen, J., & Villi, M. (2021). ‘A Shared Reality between a Journalist and the Audience’ : How Live Journalism Reimagines News Stories. Media and communication, 9(2), 167-177. https://doi.org/10.17645/mac.v9i2.3809

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Ruotsalainen, Juho; Villi, Mikko

Journal or series: Media and communication

eISSN: 2183-2439

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 9

Issue number: 2

Pages range: 167-177

Publisher: Cogitatio Press

Publication country: Portugal

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17645/mac.v9i2.3809

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/75399

Additional information: This article is part of the issue “The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: Inspirational Media between Meaning, Narration, and Manipulation” edited by Lena Frischlich (University of Muenster, Germany), Diana Rieger (LMU Munich, Germany) and Lindsay Hahn (University at Buffalo–State University of New York, USA).


Live journalism is a new journalistic genre in which journalists present news stories to a live audience. This article investigates the journalistic manuscripts of live journalism performances. With the focus on texts, the article reaches beyond the live performance to explore the wider implications and potentials pioneered by live journalists. The data were gathered from Musta laatikko (‘Black Box’) manuscripts, a live journalism production by the Finnish newspaper Helsingin Sanomat. The manuscripts were analysed as eudaimonic journalism through four conceptual dimensions: self-transcendence, autonomy, competence, and relatedness. The results show how eudaimonic journalism can contemplate history, the future, and the meaning of finite human life. Moreover, by describing self-determinant individuals and communal social relationships, eudaimonic news stories can foster a sense of meaning and agency in audience members. By employing eudaimonia, journalists at large can reflect on the meaning and purpose of contemporary life and offer a more comprehensive understanding of the world. Such understanding includes not only facts and analysis, but also values, affects, and collective meanings mediated through the subjectivity of a journalist.

Keywords: journalism; live broadcasts; audience; interaction; ethics

Free keywords: eudaimonia; live journalism; reciprocal journalism; self-determination theory; self-transcendence; slow journalism

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 13:43