A1 Journal article (refereed)
Acute Effects of High-intensity Resistance Exercise on Cognitive Function (2021)


Anders, J. P. V., Kraemer, W. J., Newton, R. U., Post, E. M., Caldwell, L. K., Beeler, M. K., DuPont, W. H., Martini, E. R., Volek, J. S., Häkkinen, K., Maresh, C. M., & Hayes, S. M. (2021). Acute Effects of High-intensity Resistance Exercise on Cognitive Function. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 20, 391-397. https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2021.391


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Anders, John Paul V.; Kraemer, William J.; Newton, Robert U.; Post, Emily M.; Caldwell, Lydia K.; Beeler, Matthew K.; DuPont, William H.; Martini, Emily R.; Volek, Jeff S.; Häkkinen, Keijo; et al.

Journal or series: Journal of Sports Science and Medicine

ISSN: 1303-2968

eISSN: 1303-2968

Publication year: 2021

Publication date: 03/05/2021

Volume: 20

Pages range: 391-397

Publisher: Uludag University

Publication country: Turkey

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2021.391

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/75442


Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of an acute bout of high-intensity resistance exercise on measures of cognitive function. Ten men (Mean ± SD: age = 24.4 ± 3.2 yrs; body mass = 85.7 ± 11.8 kg; height = 1.78 ± 0.08 m; 1 repetition maximum (1RM) = 139.0 ± 24.1 kg) gave informed consent and performed a high-intensity 6 sets of 10 repetitions of barbell back squat exercise at 80% 1RM with 2 minutes rest between sets. The Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM) was completed to assess various cognitive domains during the familiarization period, immediately before, and immediately after the high-intensity resistance exercise bout. The repeated measures ANOVAs for throughput scores (r·m-1) demonstrated significant mean differences for the Mathematical Processing task (MTH; p < 0.001, η2p = 0.625) where post hoc pairwise comparisons demonstrated that the post-fatigue throughput (32.0 ± 8.8 r·m-1) was significantly greater than the pre-fatigue (23.8 ± 7.4 r·m-1, p = 0.003, d = 1.01) and the familiarization throughput (26.4 ± 5.3 r·m-1, p = 0.024, d = 0.77). The Coded Substitution-Delay task also demonstrated significant mean differences (CDD; p = 0.027, η2p = 0.394) with post hoc pairwise comparisons demonstrating that the post-fatigue throughput (49.3 ± 14.4 r·m-1) was significantly less than the pre-fatigue throughput (63.2 ± 9.6 r·m-1, p = 0.011, d = 1.14). The repeated measures ANOVAs for reaction time (ms) demonstrated significant mean differences for MTH (p < 0.001, η2p = 0.624) where post hoc pairwise comparisons demonstrated that the post-fatigue reaction time (1885.2 ± 582.8 ms) was significantly less than the pre-fatigue (2518.2 ± 884.8 ms, p = 0.005, d = 0.85) and familiarization (2253.7 ± 567.6 ms, p = 0.009, d = 0.64) reaction times. The Go/No-Go task demonstrated significant mean differences (GNG; p = 0.031, η2p = 0.320) with post hoc pairwise comparisons demonstrating that the post-fatigue (285.9 ± 16.3 ms) was significantly less than the pre-fatigue (298.5 ± 12.1 ms, p = 0.006, d = 0.88) reaction times. High-intensity resistance exercise may elicit domain-specific influences on cognitive function, characterized by the facilitation of simple cognitive tasks and impairments of complex cognitive tasks.


Keywords: strength training; physical stress; cognitive processes; reactions; sports physiology

Free keywords: muscle fatigue; automated neuropsychological assessment metrics; back squat; exercise stress


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1


Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 14:06