A1 Journal article (refereed)
Associations of temperament types and gender of early adolescents and teachers with adolescents’ school well‐being (2021)

Puonti, V., Hirvonen, R., & Kiuru, N. (2021). Associations of temperament types and gender of early adolescents and teachers with adolescents’ school well‐being. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 62(4), 510-521. https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12729

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Puonti, Ville; Hirvonen, Riikka; Kiuru, Noona

Journal or series: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology

ISSN: 0036-5564

eISSN: 1467-9450

Publication year: 2021

Publication date: 07/05/2021

Volume: 62

Issue number: 4

Pages range: 510-521

Publisher: Wiley

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12729

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/75404


This study examined the role of temperament type and gender of adolescents and teachers in adolescents’ well‐being in school. The sample consisted of 677 Finnish students and 56 classroom teachers. Parents rated adolescent temperament and teachers rated their own temperament in autumn of Grade 6. Self‐reports of school well‐being among adolescents were obtained in autumn and the fall of Grade 6. The results showed that being a girl and having resilient temperament type predicted higher school well‐being. In turn, boys with undercontrolled temperament, who were otherwise at risk for decreased school well‐being, particularly benefited from having a female teacher with resilient temperament. Overall, the results suggest that both adolescent temperament type and gender play important roles in adolescents’ well‐being in school.

Keywords: young people; teenagers; puberty; teachers; class teachers; temperament; gender; girls; boys; well-being; self-evaluation

Free keywords: adolescence; gender; goodness of fit; school well‐being; temperament type

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 15:38