A1 Journal article (refereed)
Sourcing on the Internet Examining the Relations Among Different Phases of Online Inquiry (2021)

Kiili, C., Forzani, E., Wennås Brante, E., Räikkönen, E., & Marttunen, M. (2021). Sourcing on the Internet Examining the Relations Among Different Phases of Online Inquiry. Computers and Education Open, 2, Article 100037. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.caeo.2021.100037

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Kiili, Carita; Forzani, Elena; Wennås Brante, Eva; Räikkönen, Eija; Marttunen, Miika

Journal or series: Computers and Education Open

ISSN: 2666-5573

eISSN: 2666-5573

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 2

Article number: 100037

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.caeo.2021.100037

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/75879


This study examined students’ engagement in sourcing throughout online inquiry, that is, when they specified the information need, formulated search queries, evaluated online texts, and composed a written product. Participants were 167 upper secondary school students. Students completed an online inquiry task in a restricted online environment that utilized authentic online texts. Students’ prior topic knowledge and reading fluency was measured and controlled for in the analysis. The results showed that students engaged in sourcing even in the earliest phases of online inquiry. A sequential regression analysis indicated that the more frequently students engaged in sourcing in specifying the information need and in search querying, the more frequently they engaged in sourcing when judging the credibility of online texts. Further, the more frequently students engaged in sourcing in their credibility judgments, the more frequently sourcing also was observed in their written products. The results suggest that students would benefit from instruction emphasizing that sourcing is a continuous process throughout online inquiry.

Keywords: human-computer interaction; information literacy; source criticism; online material; general upper secondary school students; learning styles

Free keywords: human-computer interface; information literacy; secondary education; teaching/learning strategies; 21st century abilities

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Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 14:02