A1 Journal article (refereed)
Halogen Bonding between Thiocarbonyl Compounds and 1,2- and 1,4-Diiodotetrafluorobenzenes (2021)

Happonen, L., Rautiainen, J. M., & Valkonen, A. (2021). Halogen Bonding between Thiocarbonyl Compounds and 1,2- and 1,4-Diiodotetrafluorobenzenes. Crystal Growth and Design, 21(6), 3409-3419. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.1c00183

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsHapponen, Lauri; Rautiainen, J. Mikko; Valkonen, Arto

Journal or seriesCrystal Growth and Design



Publication year2021

Publication date16/05/2021


Issue number6

Pages range3409-3419

PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/75762


The halogen bonding (XB) between 1,2-diiodotetrafluorobenzene (1,2-DITFB) or 1,4-diiodotetrafluorobenzene (1,4-DITFB) and the selection of different thiocarbonyl acceptors was studied by the single-crystal X-ray diffraction method. Diiodotetrafluorobenzenes (DITFBs) were found to form C-I···S halogen-bonded 1:1, 2:1, and 1:2 (donor/acceptor ratio) complexes with thiocarbonyls. Lengths of contacts were found to be clearly shorter than the sum of van der Waals radii of iodine and sulfur as well as the contact angles showed values close to linear, so the XB interactions could be verified. One sulfur atom showed the ability to accept one, two, or four XB interactions, and the acceptor angle can vary more than 35°. Solid-state packing of thiocarbonyl-XB complexes was found to be greatly affected by the size and type of the acceptor used. Halogen and hydrogen bonding cooperativity was found in some of the complexes if the used acceptor was suitable to form both bonds. Here, we present 19 new structures of these complexes, which can be rather easily prepared by mixing the components in the solutions and letting them crystallize in loosely sealed tubes. Computational analysis carried out for the XB complexes of N,N′-dimethylthiourea supported very closely the findings of the experimental study.

Keywordschemical bondshalogenscoordination complexes

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Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 20:16