A1 Journal article (refereed)
Energy Drink Consumption Among Finnish Adolescents : Prevalence, Associated Background Factors, Individual Resources, and Family Factors (2021)

Puupponen, M., Tynjälä, J., Tolvanen, A., Välimaa, R., & Paakkari, L. (2021). Energy Drink Consumption Among Finnish Adolescents : Prevalence, Associated Background Factors, Individual Resources, and Family Factors. International Journal of Public Health, 66, Article 620268. https://doi.org/10.3389/ijph.2021.620268

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Puupponen, Maija; Tynjälä, Jorma; Tolvanen, Asko; Välimaa, Raili; Paakkari, Leena

Journal or series: International Journal of Public Health

ISSN: 1661-8556

eISSN: 1661-8564

Publication year: 2021

Publication date: 07/05/2021

Volume: 66

Article number: 620268

Publisher: Swiss School of Public Health

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/ijph.2021.620268

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/75732


Objectives: Energy drink consumption among adolescents has become a notable global phenomenon, and has been associated with numerous negative health outcomes. In order to understand the popularity of energy drinks among adolescents, and to target interventions, it is important to identify the determinants underpinning consumption.

Methods: The nationally representative data (cross-sectional) were drawn from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) surveys, conducted in 2014 and 2018, each comprising 13- and 15-year-old Finnish adolescents (n = 7405).

Results: Weekly energy drink consumption increased among Finnish adolescents between 2014 (18.2%) and 2018 (24.4%), especially among girls. In 2018, boys typically consumed more than girls, and 15-year-olds more than 13-year-olds. Moreover, in 2018, weekly energy drink consumption was more prevalent among 15-year-old adolescents with a non-academic educational aspiration (46.0%) than among adolescents with an academic aspiration (18.3%). Gender (boys more than girls), older age (only in 2018), less parental monitoring, lower school achievement, and a lower level of health literacy explained around 28% of the variance in weekly energy drink consumption in both years.

Conclusion: According to the findings, interventions to decrease the energy drink consumption, should be targeted at all adolescents, but especially at those with fewer individual resources. The interventions should also pay attention to family-level factors.

Keywords: energy drinks; young people; nutritional behaviour; underlying factors; domestic environment; parents; school achievements; study performance; health literacy

Free keywords: energy drinks; adolescents; parental monitoring; school achievement; health literacy; educational aspirations

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 13:08