A1 Journal article (refereed)
Relationship between inflammatory biomarkers and testosterone levels in male master athletes and non-athletes (2021)

Pinheiro Barbosa, L., da Silva Aguiar, S., Anderson Santos, P., Rosa dos Santos, T., Alves Maciel, L., Alves de Deus, L., Vanerson Passos Neves, R., Lopes de Araújo Leite, P., Duarte Gutierrez, S., Victor Sousa, C., Korhonen, M. T., Degens, H., & Gustavo Simões, H. (2021). Relationship between inflammatory biomarkers and testosterone levels in male master athletes and non-athletes. Experimental Gerontology, 151, Article 111407. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2021.111407

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Pinheiro Barbosa, Luca; da Silva Aguiar, Samuel; Anderson Santos, Patrick; Rosa dos Santos, Thiago; Alves Maciel, Larissa; Alves de Deus, Lysleine; Vanerson Passos Neves, Rodrigo; Lopes de Araújo Leite, Patrício; Duarte Gutierrez, Sara; Victor Sousa, Caio; et al.

Journal or series: Experimental Gerontology

ISSN: 0531-5565

eISSN: 1873-6815

Publication year: 2021

Volume: 151

Article number: 111407

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exger.2021.111407

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access: Channel is not openly available

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/76503


Aging is often associated with low-grade systemic inflammation and reduced anabolic hormone levels. To investigate whether lifelong exercise training can decrease the age-related low-grade inflammation and anabolic hormone levels, we examined hormonal and inflammatory parameters among highly-trained male masters athletes and age-matched non-athletes.

From 70 elite power and endurance master athletes – EMA (51.3 ± 8.0 yr), 32 young controls - YC (23.7 ± 3.9 yr) and 24 untrained age-matched controls - MAC (47.2 ± 8.0 yr) venous blood was drawn to measure inflammatory parameters (interleukin-6 [IL-6], tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α] and interleukin-10 [IL-10]) and circulating hormones (luteinizing hormone [LH], total testosterone, estradiol, sex hormone-binding globulin [SHBG] and free androgen index [FAI]).

EMA showed a better anti-inflammatory status than MAC (higher IL-10 and IL-10/IL-6 ratio and lower IL-6), but a lower anti-inflammatory status than YC (higher TNF-α) (p < 0.05). The MAC group had lower testosterone levels compared to the YC and EMA group (p < 0.05), and lower estradiol levels and testosterone/LH ratio compared to YC (p < 0.05). In the control groups (MAC and YC), testosterone correlated negatively with age and proinflammatory parameters, and positively with anti-inflammatory parameters.

Elite master athletics elevated levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines above that seen in non-athlete peers and mitigated the age-related reduction in testosterone levels.

Keywords: ageing; middle-aged persons; men; athletes; hormonal effects; sex hormones; testosterone; inflammation; biomarkers; hypogonadism

Free keywords: older athletes; hormonal profile; hypogonadism; master athletes; inflammation

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-17-06 at 11:59