A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Psychiatric Problems in Adolescence Mediate the Association Between Childhood Learning Disabilities and Later Well-Being (2021)


Eloranta, A.-K., Närhi, V. M., Muotka, J. S., Tolvanen, A. J., Korhonen, E., Ahonen, T. P. S., & Aro, T. I. (2021). Psychiatric Problems in Adolescence Mediate the Association Between Childhood Learning Disabilities and Later Well-Being. Learning Disability Quarterly, 44(4), 304-317. https://doi.org/10.1177/07319487211012019


JYU-tekijät tai -toimittajat


Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajat: Eloranta, Anna-Kaija; Närhi, Vesa M.; Muotka, Joona S.; Tolvanen, Asko J.; Korhonen, Elisa; Ahonen, Timo P. S.; Aro, Tuija I.

Lehti tai sarja: Learning Disability Quarterly

ISSN: 0731-9487

eISSN: 2168-376X

Julkaisuvuosi: 2021

Volyymi: 44

Lehden numero: 4

Artikkelin sivunumerot: 304-317

Kustantaja: SAGE Publications

Julkaisumaa: Yhdysvallat (USA)

Julkaisun kieli: englanti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/07319487211012019

Julkaisun avoin saatavuus: Avoimesti saatavilla

Julkaisukanavan avoin saatavuus: Osittain avoin julkaisukanava

Julkaisu on rinnakkaistallennettu (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/76315


Tiivistelmä

This follow-up study investigated the associations of childhood learning disabilities (LDs) with adult-age anxiety, depression, and unemployment. Psychosocial problems in childhood and psychiatric diagnoses and lack of education in adolescence were studied as potential mediators, and gender and mother’s education as potential moderators of these associations. Data on childhood clinical neuropsychological assessments and lifelong register data on individuals with childhood LD (n = 430; 301 [70%] males; 20–39 years of age) and matched controls (n = 2,149) were applied. Mediation analyses were performed using structural equation modeling. Childhood LDs exerted a significant, but relatively small effect on psychiatric diagnoses in adolescence, which predicted adult-age depression and anxiety. LDs were related to unemployment both directly and via psychiatric diagnoses in adolescence. Examination of differences in the effects on adult-age outcomes of subtypes of LDs revealed mathematical disability to be more strongly associated with psychosocial problems in childhood and psychiatric problems in adolescence and adulthood than reading disability. Our findings show that LD has small and mostly indirect effects on the risk for later well-being problems. The findings emphasize the importance of adolescence in predicting adult-age psychiatric and employment problems and call for more holistic support for individuals with LDs.


YSO-asiasanat: oppimisvaikeudet; psykososiaaliset tekijät; lukihäiriöt; lapsuus; vaikutukset; murrosikä; aikuisuus; ahdistus; masennus; työttömyys; mielenterveyshäiriöt; kehityspsykologia; seurantatutkimus


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Hankkeet, joissa julkaisu on tehty


OKM-raportointi: Kyllä

Alustava JUFO-taso: 2


Viimeisin päivitys 2021-24-11 klo 11:06