G4 Monografiaväitöskirja
Yksin yleisön edessä : esiintymisjännitykseen ja esiintymishalukkuuteen liittyvät kokemukset, käyttäytymispiirteet ja vireytyminen yleisöpuhetilanteessa (1995)
Alone in front of an audience : cognitive experiences, behavioral features and physiological arousal in speech anxiety and willingness to speak


Pörhölä, M. (1995). Yksin yleisön edessä : esiintymisjännitykseen ja esiintymishalukkuuteen liittyvät kokemukset, käyttäytymispiirteet ja vireytyminen yleisöpuhetilanteessa [Doctoral dissertation]. Jyväskylän yliopisto. Jyväskylä studies in communication, 2. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-8202-7


JYU-tekijät tai -toimittajat


Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajat: Pörhölä, Maili

ISBN: 951-39-8202-7

eISBN: 978-951-39-8202-7

Lehti tai sarja: Jyväskylä studies in communication

ISSN: 1238-2183

Julkaisuvuosi: 1995

Sarjan numero: 2

Kustantaja: Jyväskylän yliopisto

Kustannuspaikka: Jyväskylä

Julkaisumaa: Suomi

Julkaisun kieli: suomi

Pysyvä verkko-osoite: http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-8202-7

Julkaisun avoin saatavuus: Avoimesti saatavilla

Julkaisukanavan avoin saatavuus: Kokonaan avoin julkaisukanava


Tiivistelmä

The present study focuses on states evoked in public speaking settings. The main purpose of the study is to describe and explore responses consisting of cognitive experiences, behavioral features and physiological arousal during a public speaking performance. A model is advanced to describe the internal processes leading to opposed cognitive states - speech anxiety and willingness to speak. The data was gathered in speech communication classes, where the subjects (N=47) gave prepared oral presentations. To indicate changes in arousal level, the subject's heart rate was measured during the presentation. Scales were developed to assess the subjects' experiences, behavior and predispositions. The subjects' responses were investigated by examining the associations between introspective, behavioral and physiological data. Dimensions of cognitive experiences based on factor analyses of the State Experience Scale (N=330) and corresponding behavioral dimensions were compared to heart rate response styles distinguished by qualitative analysis. Communication reticence, willingness to communicate, and previous experience in public speaking were measured introspectively, and their influence on state responses was quantitatively analyzed. The heart rate styles perceived were associated with different cognitive and emotional states. These states were influenced by communication reticence, willingness to communicate and the amount of previous experience in a complex manner. The findings suggest that communication reticence has an effect on the emotional elements and previous experience on the physiological elements of speech anxiety and willingness to speak. A model is advanced to explain the process leading to the different states of speech anxiety and willingness to speak in public speaking settings. Suggestions for testing the model in future studies are offered.


YSO-asiasanat: esiintyminen; puhe (puhuminen); esiintymistaito; ilmaisutaito; puhetaito; puheviestintä; jännittäminen; pelko; esiintymispelko; psykologia; väitöskirjat

Vapaat asiasanat: speech anxiety; willingness to speak; physiological arousal; heart rate; communication reticence; willingness to communicate; public speaking


Liittyvät organisaatiot


OKM-raportointi: Kyllä


Viimeisin päivitys 2021-15-06 klo 17:19