A1 Journal article (refereed)
Effects of Warm-up on Hamstring Stiffness, Stress-Relaxation, Flexibility and Knee Proprioception in Young Soccer Players (2022)

Satkunskiene, D., Ardekani, M. M. Z., Khair, R. M., Kutraite, G., Venckuniene, K., Snieckus, A., & Kamandulis, S. (2022). Effects of Warm-up on Hamstring Stiffness, Stress-Relaxation, Flexibility and Knee Proprioception in Young Soccer Players. Journal of Athletic Training, 57(5), 485-493. https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-0416.20

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Satkunskiene, Danguole; Ardekani, Mani Mirab Zadeh; Khair, Ra'ad M.; Kutraite, Goda; Venckuniene, Kristina; Snieckus, Audrius; Kamandulis, Sigitas

Journal or series: Journal of Athletic Training

ISSN: 1062-6050

eISSN: 1938-162X

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 29/06/2021

Volume: 57

Issue number: 5

Pages range: 485-493

Publisher: National Athletic Trainers' Association

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-0416.20

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/81744


Context: Nerves or fascia may limit motion in young soccer players, thereby contributing to frequent hamstring injuries. Nerve gliding exercises and self-myofascial release techniques may enhance the range of motion.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the acute effect of foam rolling (FR) and neurodynamic nerve gliding (NDNG) on hamstring flexibility, passive stiffness, viscoelasticity and proprioception during the warm-up of soccer players.

Design: Crossover study design.

Setting: Research laboratory.

Participants: Fifteen male soccer players on the same team (age 18.0 ± 1.4 years, body mass 76.9 ± 7.8 kg, height 183 ± 6 cm).

Intervention: FR and NDNG included six sets of 45 s with 15 s rest between each set. Over a two-week period subjects performed NDNG and FR on two separate occasions.

Main Outcome Measure(s): Hip flexion angle (SLR), knee extension range of motion (ROM), knee joint position sense (AKJPS), hamstring passive resistance torque (PRT), stiffness (STFmax and STF80%) and viscoelasticity (stress-relaxation test (SRT)).

Results: A significant interaction between time and intervention was found for knee ROM (p = 0.017), PRT (p = 0.044), and STFmax (p = 0.042). NDNG induced an increase in ROM (p = 0.011), PRT (p = 0.008), and STFmax (p = 0.030). Both NDNG and FR induced an increase in SLR (p < 0.001). No interaction or main effects was found for SRT and AKJPS.

Conclusion: The inclusion of NDNG in the warm-up routine increased the ROM more in comparison with FR and may be of benefit to soccer players.

Keywords: football players; injuries and disabilities; sports injuries; knees; connective tissue

Free keywords: self-myofascial release; neural gliding; viscoelasticity; mobility

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2022

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 14:57