G5 Doctoral dissertation (article)
Mental health promotion competencies in the health sector (2021)
Mielenterveyden edistämisen osaaminen terveyssektorilla

Tamminen, N. (2021). Mental health promotion competencies in the health sector [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Jyväskylä. JYU Dissertations, 386. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-8666-7

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Tamminen, Nina

eISBN: 978-951-39-8666-7

Journal or series: JYU Dissertations

eISSN: 2489-9003

Publication year: 2021

Number in series: 386

Number of pages in the book: 1 verkkoaineisto (108 sivua, 40 sivua useina numerointijaksoina, 4 numeroimatonta sivua)

Publisher: University of Jyväskylä

Place of Publication: Jyväskylä

Publication country: Finland

Publication language: English

Persistent website address: http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-8666-7

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel


This study aimed to investigate competencies for mental health promotion and to determine what competencies are needed in health sector practice. The research was based on the views provided by professionals and experts by experience working and acting in the field of mental health promotion. The research was carried out in stages. First, the concept of mental health promotion was analysed to provide a framework for the subsequent studies. Next, the views of mental health professionals regarding mental health promotion-related competencies were examined by means of focus groups (2 groups; 6+7 participants) and an open-ended questionnaire survey (20 participants); the data was analysed with content analysis. A Delphi survey followed in order to facilitate a consensus-building process on the identification of the mental health promotion competencies (32 participants). In addition, the qualitative data from the Delphi survey were analysed using thematic analysis. Finally, experts by experience (10 participants) assessed the produced competencies in a focus group meeting, which was analysed by thematising the data (unpublished results). In the study, 16 main competencies and 56 subcompetencies for mental health promotion were identified. These were divided into theoretical knowledge, practical skills, and attitudes and values, with each category representing an aspect of mental health promotion competency. The results highlighted the great variety of competencies needed for mental health promotion. Knowledge of positive mental health emerged strongly, as did requirements for intersectoral collaboration skills. According to the results, domains such as a client-based approach and empowerment of individuals and communities were especially emphasised in the competencies. The results provide a resource for competency development. The identified competencies provide a tool to enhance education and training in mental health promotion. They can be used to assess the level of proficiency of the workforce and as a follow-up. Furthermore, the competencies aid in identifying training needs of staff and can be used as a self-assessment tool to appraise current competencies and to identify areas for professional development.

Keywords: mental health; health services; mental health services; competence development; attitudes; values (cultural objects); know-how; educational needs; Delphi method

Free keywords: Delphi method; health sector; mental health promotion competencies; qualitative research

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Last updated on 2021-15-09 at 08:42