G5 Doctoral dissertation (article)
Single-event radiation effects in silicon carbide power MOSFETs (2021)
Yksittäisten hiukkasten aiheuttamat säteilyilmiöt piikarbidipohjaisissa MOSFET-tehotransistoreissa

Martinella, C. (2021). Single-event radiation effects in silicon carbide power MOSFETs [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Jyväskylä. JYU Dissertations, 401. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-8726-8

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Martinella, Corinna

eISBN: 978-951-39-8726-8

Journal or series: JYU Dissertations

eISSN: 2489-9003

Publication year: 2021

Number in series: 401

Number of pages in the book: 1 verkkoaineisto (xv, 109 sivua, 26 sivua useina numerointijaksoina, 5 numeroimatonta sivua)

Publisher: University of Jyväskylä

Place of Publication: Jyväskylä

Publication country: Finland

Publication language: English

Persistent website address: http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-8726-8

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel


In this research, the radiation induced single event effects (SEE) observed in silicon carbide (SiC) power MOSFETs have been studied. Heavy ions, terrestrial neutrons and protons were selected as radiation environments to be investigated, as representative of space, avionics and high-energy accelerator applications. SEE tests and electrical analysis were performed in order to identify the modes and mechanisms of failure, and to assess the reliability of commercial SiC MOSFET technologies. The research initially focused on the non-catastrophic SEEs induced by heavy-ion irradiation, which represent a significant risk for the part reliability in space applications. The broad-beam and microbeam results pave the way to the understanding of the degradation mechanism, named single event leakage current (SELC). Two types of degradation are described in this work, involving different parts of the SiC MOSFET structure depending on the applied voltage during the operation. At low bias the SELC is observed in the region under the gate oxide, whereas for voltages over a certain threshold a second mechanism involving the p-n junction is newly added. Heavy-ion latent damage effects were also studied through radiation tests and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis of the damaged site. Two mechanisms were observed, involving the gate oxide and the SiC crystal lattice. Finally, the heavy-ion SEEs are summarised as function of the operational bias and linear energy transfer (LET). The second part of this work focused on SiC MOSFET reliability when exposed to proton and terrestrial-neutron environments. Accelerated single event burnout tests were performed using devices with different architectures. Electrical analysis of the damaged devices was carried out to investigate the failure mechanism. The results provide useful information about the reliability of the commercial SiC MOSFET technologies for avionic and high-energy accelerator applications. This project was carried out in the framework of a collaboration between the Physics Department at the University of Jyväskylä, the radiation to electronics (R2E) project at the European Council for Nuclear Research (CERN), and the Advanced Power Semiconductor (APS) Laboratory at ETH Zürich.

Keywords: radiation physics; ionising radiation; particle radiation; cosmic radiation; space technology; semiconductors; electronic components; transistors

Free keywords: silicon carbide; power MOSFETs; radiation effects; single event effects; SELC; SEB; SEGR; latent damage

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Last updated on 2021-09-07 at 09:41