A1 Journal article (refereed)
The Association between Loneliness, Mental Well-Being, and Self-Esteem among Adolescents in Four Nordic Countries (2021)


Lyyra, N., Thorsteinsson, E. B., Eriksson, C., Madsen, K. R., Tolvanen, A., Löfstedt, P., & Välimaa, R. (2021). The Association between Loneliness, Mental Well-Being, and Self-Esteem among Adolescents in Four Nordic Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(14), Article 7405. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147405


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Lyyra, Nelli; Thorsteinsson, Einar Baldvin; Eriksson, Charli; Madsen, Katrine Rich; Tolvanen, Asko; Löfstedt, Petra; Välimaa, Raili

Journal or series: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

ISSN: 1661-7827

eISSN: 1660-4601

Publication year: 2021

Publication date: 11/07/2021

Volume: 18

Issue number: 14

Article number: 7405

Publisher: MDPI AG

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147405

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/77123

Additional information: This article belongs to the Special Issue Loneliness: An Issue for Personal Well-Being and Public Health.


Abstract

Positive mental health is central to adolescent well-being. The present study examines the prevalence of loneliness and positive mental health indicators (mental well-being and self-esteem) in four Nordic countries and associations between loneliness, mental well-being, and high self-esteem. This study is based on data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study which was conducted in 2018 in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Sweden. Participants were 5883 15-year-old boys and girls. To examine the associations between loneliness, mental well-being, and self-esteem, structural equation modeling (SEM) was applied. In the comparison of Nordic countries, the prevalence of loneliness was highest among Finnish and Icelandic adolescents. High mental well-being and high self-esteem were most prevalent in Denmark and Sweden. In general, boys scored higher on positive mental health indicators and girls on loneliness. Loneliness was also a strong indicator of low mental well-being and low self-esteem in all Nordic countries. Loneliness is not only associated with mental health problems such as anxiety and depression, but it is also a risk factor for adolescents’ positive mental health. Positive mental health is important for healthy maturation and there is a need to develop initiatives to reduce adolescent loneliness and so support positive development.


Keywords: loneliness; well-being; mental well-being; self-esteem; self-knowledge; development of personality; social relations; human relations; mental disorders; young people; puberty; positive psychology

Free keywords: loneliness; positive mental health; mental well-being; self-esteem; adolescents; Nordic countries; public health


Contributing organizations


Related projects


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2021

JUFO rating: 1


Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 13:13