A1 Journal article (refereed)
Birth weight and adult income : An examination of mediation through adult height and body mass (2021)


Pehkonen, J., Viinikainen, J., Kari, J. T., Böckerman, P., Lehtimäki, T., & Raitakari, O. (2021). Birth weight and adult income : An examination of mediation through adult height and body mass. Health Economics, 30(10), 2383-2398. https://doi.org/10.1002/hec.4387


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editorsPehkonen, Jaakko; Viinikainen, Jutta; Kari, Jaana T.; Böckerman, Petri; Lehtimäki, Terho; Raitakari, Olli

Journal or seriesHealth Economics

ISSN1057-9230

eISSN1099-1050

Publication year2021

Publication date11/07/2021

Volume30

Issue number10

Pages range2383-2398

PublisherWiley

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1002/hec.4387

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/77129


Abstract

This paper examines the causal links between early human endowments and socioeconomic outcomes in adulthood. We use a genotyped longitudinal survey (Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study) that is linked to the administrative registers of Statistics Finland. We focus on the effect of birth weight on income via two anthropometric mediators: body mass index (BMI) and height in adulthood. We find that (i) the genetic instruments for birth weight, adult height, and adult BMI are statistically powerful; (ii) there is a robust total effect of birth weight on income for men but not for women; (iii) the total effect of birth weight on income for men is partly mediated via height but not via BMI; and (iv) the share of the total effect mediated via height is substantial, of approximately 56%.


Keywordsbirth weightbody mass indexlengthheight growtheffects (results)incomelevel of incomesocioeconomic factorssocioeconomic status

Free keywordsbirth weight; body mass index; height; income; mediation; multivariable Mendelian randomization; polygenic instrument

Fields of science:


Contributing organizations


Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating2


Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 19:47