A3 Book section, Chapters in research books
Engraved in the Body : Ways of Reading Finnish People's Memories of Mental Hospitals (2021)

Jäntti, S., Heimonen, K., Kuuva, S., Maanmieli, K., & Rissanen, A. (2021). Engraved in the Body : Ways of Reading Finnish People's Memories of Mental Hospitals. In M. Borcsa, & C. Willig (Eds.), Qualitative Research Methods in Mental Health : Innovative and Collaborative Approaches (pp. 219-249). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-65331-6_10

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsJäntti, Saara; Heimonen, Kirsi; Kuuva, Sari; Maanmieli, Karoliina; Rissanen, Anu

Parent publicationQualitative Research Methods in Mental Health : Innovative and Collaborative Approaches

Parent publication editorsBorcsa, M.; Willig, C.



Publication year2021

Pages range219-249

Number of pages in the book265

PublisherSpringer International Publishing

Place of PublicationCham

Publication countrySwitzerland

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/82947

Additional informationCorrection to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-65331-6_12 ;
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-65331-6_12


Finnish psychiatric practice has been heavily based on institutionalization. Mental hospitalsMental hospital have thus been part of Finns' lives in many ways. Our multidisciplinary researchMultidisciplinary research group has investigated how experiences in these institutions are remembered today by analysing writings by patients, relatives, personnel and their children, collected in 2014--2015 with the Finnish Literature Society. The memoriesMemory cover phases of psychiatric care from the 1930s to the mid-2010s. This article presents multiple ways in which experiences that are often difficult verbalize can be interpreted, e.g. by drawing on perspectives from creative, artistic and cultural studies. Collecting and archiving the memoriesMemory emphasizes their importance as part of national memoryMemory. Historical contextualization shows consistencies and inconsistencies in the treatment and organization of psychiatric care in FinlandFinland. The analysis of figurative languageFigurative language as a means of conveying traumatic experiences reveals narrative strategies employed to express abusive memoriesMemory. Artistic researchArtistic research that includes somatic movement practice exemplifies possibilities of researching the memoriesMemory through corporealityCorporeality. The examination of the memoriesMemory of the children of the staff in psychiatric hospitals provides new insights into historical psychiatric hospitals as emotional communities. The different ways of engaging---thematically, corporeally, conceptually, theoretically---with the texts complement each other, reveal the multilayeredness of the memoriesMemory and help create a richer understanding of the social, cultural and economic significance of the hospitals. Attention to the body, affectsAffect and emotionsEmotion can help generate both new practices, new research questionsResearch questions and new ways of engaging the public with the results of academic research.

Keywordspsychiatric carepsychiatric hospitalsmental hospitalspsychiatric patientsmemories (mental objects)memory (cognition)remembranceemotionstraumas (mental objects)artartistic researchbodiliness

Free keywordsmental hospital; mental illness; history of psychiatry; Finland; archives; artistic research; figurative language; memory; affect; emotion; corporeality; multidisciplinary research

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 19:55