A1 Journal article (refereed)
Teachers’ Focus of Attention in First-grade Classrooms : Exploring Teachers Experiencing Less and More Stress Using Mobile Eye-tracking (2022)

Chaudhuri, S., Muhonen, H., Pakarinen, E., & Lerkkanen, M.-K. (2022). Teachers’ Focus of Attention in First-grade Classrooms : Exploring Teachers Experiencing Less and More Stress Using Mobile Eye-tracking. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 66(6), 1076-1092. https://doi.org/10.1080/00313831.2021.1958374

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsChaudhuri, Saswati; Muhonen, Heli; Pakarinen, Eija; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina

Journal or seriesScandinavian Journal of Educational Research



Publication year2022

Publication date06/08/2021


Issue number6

Pages range1076-1092

PublisherRoutledge, Taylor & Francis

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/77309


This study investigated teachers’ focus of attention and stress in first-grade classrooms. Teachers’ (n = 53) focus of attention was recorded in fall and spring with a mobile eye-tracking device, and the teachers reported stress via questionnaires. Correlation analysis was used to examine association between teacher stress (exhaustion, cynicism, and inadequacy) and focus of attention. Then, one teacher reporting more stress and one reporting less stress were selected for a case study to examine variations in their focus of attention. The results showed positive associations between teachers’ perceived inadequacy and overall focus of attention (whole eye-tracking recording) both in fall and spring. Teachers’ focus of attention during specific activity settings of management/routines and transitions correlated positively with all three stress domains in fall. In addition, a positive association was also found between teacher inadequacy and focus of attention during teacher-directed large group activity setting.

Keywordsteachersstress (biological phenomena)exhaustionmental well-beingcynicismconcentration (psychology)concentration (societal change)eye movements

Free keywordsmobile eye tracking; focus of attention; teacher stress; inadequacy; first-grade classroom

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-14-06 at 23:47