A1 Journal article (refereed)
Teachers’ Focus of Attention in First-grade Classrooms : Exploring Teachers Experiencing Less and More Stress Using Mobile Eye-tracking (2022)

Chaudhuri, S., Muhonen, H., Pakarinen, E., & Lerkkanen, M.-K. (2022). Teachers’ Focus of Attention in First-grade Classrooms : Exploring Teachers Experiencing Less and More Stress Using Mobile Eye-tracking. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 66(6), 1076-1092. https://doi.org/10.1080/00313831.2021.1958374

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Chaudhuri, Saswati; Muhonen, Heli; Pakarinen, Eija; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina

Journal or series: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research

ISSN: 0031-3831

eISSN: 1470-1170

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 06/08/2021

Volume: 66

Issue number: 6

Pages range: 1076-1092

Publisher: Routledge, Taylor & Francis

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00313831.2021.1958374

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/77309


This study investigated teachers’ focus of attention and stress in first-grade classrooms. Teachers’ (n = 53) focus of attention was recorded in fall and spring with a mobile eye-tracking device, and the teachers reported stress via questionnaires. Correlation analysis was used to examine association between teacher stress (exhaustion, cynicism, and inadequacy) and focus of attention. Then, one teacher reporting more stress and one reporting less stress were selected for a case study to examine variations in their focus of attention. The results showed positive associations between teachers’ perceived inadequacy and overall focus of attention (whole eye-tracking recording) both in fall and spring. Teachers’ focus of attention during specific activity settings of management/routines and transitions correlated positively with all three stress domains in fall. In addition, a positive association was also found between teacher inadequacy and focus of attention during teacher-directed large group activity setting.

Keywords: teachers; stress (biological phenomena); exhaustion; mental well-being; cynicism; concentration (psychology); concentration (societal change); eye movements

Free keywords: mobile eye tracking; focus of attention; teacher stress; inadequacy; first-grade classroom

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2022

JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2023-03-10 at 14:33