A1 Journal article (refereed)
Associations Between Physical and Executive Functions Among Community-Dwelling Older Men and Women (2022)

Tirkkonen, A., Kulmala, J., Hänninen, T., Törmäkangas, T., Stigsdotter, N. A., & Sipilä, S. (2022). Associations Between Physical and Executive Functions Among Community-Dwelling Older Men and Women. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 30(2), 332-339. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2021-0075

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsTirkkonen, Anna; Kulmala, Jenni; Hänninen, Tuomo; Törmäkangas, Timo; Stigsdotter, Neely Anna; Sipilä, Sarianna

Journal or seriesJournal of Aging and Physical Activity



Publication year2022


Issue number2

Pages range332-339

PublisherHuman Kinetics

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/85243


Walking is a complex task requiring the interplay of neuromuscular, sensory, and cognitive functions. Owing to the age-related decline in cognitive and physical functions, walking may be compromised in older adults, for cognitive functions, especially poor performance in executive functions, is associated with slow walking speed. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the associations between different subdomains of executive functions and physical functions and whether the associations found differ between men and women. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed on data collected from 314 community-dwelling older adults who did not meet physical activity guidelines but had intact cognition. Our results showed that, while executive functions were associated with gait and lower extremity functioning, the associations depended partly on the executive process measured and the nature of the physical task. Moreover, the associations did not differ between the sexes.

Keywordsolder peoplefunctional capacityphysical functioningwalking (motion)executive functions (psychology)cognitiongender differences

Free keywordscognition; dual-task cost; gait; sex differences

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 19:56