A1 Journal article (refereed)
Filtration of Nordic recirculating aquaculture system wastewater : Effects on microalgal growth, nutrient removal, and nutritional value (2021)

Calderini, M. L., Stevčić, Č., Taipale, S., & Pulkkinen, K. (2021). Filtration of Nordic recirculating aquaculture system wastewater : Effects on microalgal growth, nutrient removal, and nutritional value. Algal Research, 60, Article 102486. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.algal.2021.102486

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsCalderini, Marco L.; Stevčić, Čedomir; Taipale, Sami; Pulkkinen, Katja

Journal or seriesAlgal Research


Publication year2021


Article number102486


Publication countryNetherlands

Publication languageEnglish


Research data linkhttp://doi.org/10.17011/jyx/dataset/72716

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/77818


Microalgal bioremediation of recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) wastewater represents an alternative for wastewater treatment with the potential to generate valuable biomass. This study evaluated the effects of removing biological contamination and suspended solids from Nordic area RAS wastewater through filtration with 0.45 μm filters on the performance and nutritional value of microalgae. All three tested green microalgae (Haematococcus pluvialis, Monoraphidium griffithii, and Selenastrum sp.) were able to grow in raw (unfiltered) and filtered RAS wastewater. Cultivation in raw RAS wastewater decreased the ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acid content of H. pluvialis as compared to filtered wastewater, while no differences in cell density, nutrient removal, or fatty acid and amino acid contribution were seen for any microalgae between the treatments. Filtration of wastewater significantly reduced the content of actinobacterial fatty acid biomarkers in microalgal cultures compared to raw wastewater. The difference in actinobacterial fatty acid content between raw and filtered wastewater was species-specific. Our results suggest that with careful selection of microalgal species, RAS wastewater can be used for the production of high-quality microalgal biomass for further applications, such as aquaculture feeds, with no need to remove indigenous biological contaminants and suspended solids.

Keywordsaquaculturewaste water treatmentbioremediationmicroalgaebiomass (industry)nutrients (animals and humans)amino acidsfatty acids

Free keywordsBiological contamination; Recirculating aquaculture system

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2021

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-22-04 at 12:53