A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review
Adaptation and ecological speciation in seasonally varying environments at high latitudes : Drosophila virilis group (2022)

Hoikkala, A., & Poikela, N. (2022). Adaptation and ecological speciation in seasonally varying environments at high latitudes : Drosophila virilis group. Fly, 16(1), 85-104. https://doi.org/10.1080/19336934.2021.2016327

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsHoikkala, Anneli; Poikela, Noora

Journal or seriesFly



Publication year2022

Publication date21/01/2022


Issue number1

Pages range85-104

PublisherInforma UK Limited

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/79574


Living in high latitudes and altitudes sets specific requirements on species’ ability to forecast seasonal changes and to respond to them in an appropriate way. Adaptation into diverse environmental conditions can also lead to ecological speciation through habitat isolation or by inducing changes in traits that influence assortative mating. In this review, we explain how the unique time-measuring systems of Drosophila virilis group species have enabled the species to occupy high latitudes and how the traits involved in species reproduction and survival exhibit strong linkage with latitudinally varying photoperiodic and climatic conditions. We also describe variation in reproductive barriers between the populations of two species with overlapping distributions and show how local adaptation and the reinforcement of prezygotic barriers have created partial reproductive isolation between conspecific populations. Finally, we consider the role of species-specific chromosomal inversions and the X chromosome in the development of reproductive barriers between diverging lineages.

Keywordsadaptation (change)speciationcold resistancereproduction (biology)variation (biology)Drosophilidaecircadian rhythmdormancyliving environmentclimateseasons

Free keywordslocal adaptation; circadian clock; photoperiodic timer; reproductive diapause; cold tolerance; reproductive barriers; genome sequencing; candidate genes; chromosomal inversions; Drosophila virilis group

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-14-06 at 23:25