A4 Article in conference proceedings
Self-directed Learning in Distance Education (2022)

Laine, S., Hakala, I., & Myllymäki, M. (2022). Self-directed Learning in Distance Education. In FIE 2022 : Proceedings of the IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference. IEEE. Conference proceedings : Frontiers in Education Conference. https://doi.org/10.1109/fie56618.2022.9962422

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsLaine, Sanna; Hakala, Ismo; Myllymäki, Mikko

Parent publicationFIE 2022 : Proceedings of the IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference


  • Frontiers in Education Conference

Place and date of conferenceUppsala, Sweden8.-11.10.2022



Journal or seriesConference proceedings : Frontiers in Education Conference



Publication year2022

Publication date08/10/2022


Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/85531


This full research paper studies the significance of self-directed learning (SDL) in distance education. A literature review revealed many characteristics related to SDL that are important to success in distance education. The self-directed learning readiness (SDLR) levels of 124 students were gathered for this research, and the results were compared between contact and distance learners. The effect of gender on SDLR and the relationship between SDLR and preference for distance education were examined. There was no statistical difference in SDLR levels between women and men but indicators of self-directed learners’ preferences for distance learning were found. In addition, the SDLR scale scores between students’ degree levels were compared. The results support the notion that SDLR is related to maturity.

Keywordsstudies in an institution of higher educationdistance studiesself-directionliterature surveys

Free keywordscomputer science; computer aided instruction; bibliographies; education

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-30-04 at 20:06