A1 Journal article (refereed)
Three reasons why parental burnout is more prevalent in individualistic countries : a mediation study in 36 countries (2024)


Roskam, I., Aguiar, J., Akgun, E., Arena, A. F., Arikan, G., Aunola, K., Besson, E., Beyers, W., Boujut, E., Brianda, M. E., Brytek-Matera, A., Budak, A. M., Carbonneau, N., César, F., Chen, B.-B., Dorard, G., dos Santos Elias, L. C., Dunsmuir, S., Egorova, N., . . . Mikolajczak, M. (2024). Three reasons why parental burnout is more prevalent in individualistic countries : a mediation study in 36 countries. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 59(4), 681-694. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-023-02487-z


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editorsRoskam, Isabelle; Aguiar, Joyce; Akgun, Ege; Arena, Andrew F.; Arikan, Gizem; Aunola, Kaisa; Besson, Eliane; Beyers, Wim; Boujut, Emilie; Brianda, Maria Elena; et al.

Journal or seriesSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

ISSN0933-7954

eISSN1433-9285

Publication year2024

Publication date17/05/2023

Volume59

Issue number4

Pages range681-694

PublisherSpringer

Publication countryGermany

Publication languageEnglish

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-023-02487-z

Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel publishedhttps://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10171682/

Web address of parallel published publication (pre-print)https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-2109905/v1


Abstract

Purpose
The prevalence of parental burnout, a condition that has severe consequences for both parents and children, varies dramatically across countries and is highest in Western countries characterized by high individualism.

Method
In this study, we examined the mediators of the relationship between individualism measured at the country level and parental burnout measured at the individual level in 36 countries (16,059 parents).

Results
The results revealed three mediating mechanisms, that is, self-discrepancies between socially prescribed and actual parental selves, high agency and self-directed socialization goals, and low parental task sharing, by which individualism leads to an increased risk of burnout among parents.

Conclusion
The results confirm that the three mediators under consideration are all involved, and that mediation was higher for self-discrepancies between socially prescribed and actual parental selves, then parental task sharing, and lastly self-directed socialization goals. The results provide some important indications of how to prevent parental burnout at the societal level in Western countries.


Keywordsparentsparenthoodexhaustionmanagingcultural differencescultural dependenceindividualismWestern countriesinternational comparison

Free keywordsexhaustion; culture; individualism; mothers; fathers


Contributing organizations


Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

Preliminary JUFO rating2


Last updated on 2024-09-04 at 15:34