A1 Journal article (refereed)
Changes in physical performance according to job demands across three cohorts of older workers in the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (2023)

von Bonsdorff, M. B., Munukka, M., van Schoor, N. M., von Bonsdorff, M. E., Kortelainen, L., Deeg, D. J. H., & de Breij, S. (2023). Changes in physical performance according to job demands across three cohorts of older workers in the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam. European Journal of Ageing, 20, Article 21. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-023-00768-9

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsvon Bonsdorff, Mikaela B.; Munukka, Matti; van Schoor, Natasja M.; von Bonsdorff, Monika E.; Kortelainen, Lauri; Deeg, Dorly J. H.; de Breij, Sascha

Journal or seriesEuropean Journal of Ageing



Publication year2023


Article number21

PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC

Publication countryGermany

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/87612


This study set out to evaluate the association between job demands at baseline and physical performance over a six-year period across three cohorts of older Dutch workers examined 10 years apart. Data were drawn from three cohorts (1992–1999, 2002–2009 and 2012–2019) of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam. Individuals aged 55–65 years from each cohort who worked for pay were included (n = 274, n = 416, n = 618, respectively). Physical performance was measured using gait speed and chair stand performance. A population-based job exposure matrix was used to indicate levels of exposure probability of physical (use of force and repetitive movements) and psychosocial (cognitive demands and time pressure) job demands. We found that psychosocial job demands increased and physical demands decreased across the three cohorts. No between cohort differences were found for how job demands affected changes in physical performance over follow-up. For men, faster decline in gait speed was observed when comparing higher and lower use of force at baseline (β −0.012, 95% CI −0.021, −0.004). Greater use of force and repetitive movements were associated with faster decline in chair stand performance (β −0.012, 95% CI −0.020, −0.004 and β −0.009, 95% CI −0.017, −0.001, respectively). In women, no association of job demands on change in physical performance was observed. The study concluded that higher physical job demands were associated with stronger decline in physical performance across six years for men in all cohorts, while no associations were found among women.

Keywordsageing employeesageingperformance (capacity)physical fitnesspsychosocial factorsworkdemandschangecohort study

Free keywordsphysical job demands; psychosocial job demands; physical performance; cohort study; ageing

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-15-05 at 13:12