A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review
Acute effect of physical activity on academic outcomes in school‐aged youth : A systematic review and multivariate meta‐analysis (2024)


Muntaner‐Mas, A., Morales, J. S., Martínez‐de‐Quel, Ó., Lubans, D. R., & García‐Hermoso, A. (2024). Acute effect of physical activity on academic outcomes in school‐aged youth : A systematic review and multivariate meta‐analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 34(1), Article e14479. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.14479


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editorsMuntaner‐Mas, Adrià; Morales, Javier S.; Martínez‐de‐Quel, Óscar; Lubans, David R.; García‐Hermoso, Antonio

Journal or seriesScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports

ISSN0905-7188

eISSN1600-0838

Publication year2024

Publication date25/08/2023

Volume34

Issue number1

Article numbere14479

PublisherWiley-Blackwell

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1111/sms.14479

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/88809


Abstract

Background
There has been an increase in the number of studies examining the effect of acute and chronic physical activity on academic outcomes in children and adolescents in the last two decades. We aimed to systematically determine the acute effects of physical activity on academic outcomes in school-aged youth and to examine possible moderators.

Methods
We conducted a systematic search using PubMed, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, and PsycINFO databases (from inception to 11th January 2023) for studies assessing the acute effects of physical activity on academic performance-related outcomes in school-aged youth. A univariate and multivariate meta-analysis was conducted based on a random-effects model with restricted maximum likelihood used to pool the academic outcomes results (Hedge's g).

Results
We included 11 articles (803 children and adolescents [range: 6–16 years]) in the systematic review. Overall, acute physical activity increased academic outcomes (Hedge's g = 0.35, 95% CI: 0.20–0.50). Multivariate meta-analyses revealed that physical activity increased academic performance in mathematics (Hedge's g = 0.29, 95% CI: 0.16–0.42) and language (Hedge's g = 0.28, 95% CI: 0.09–0.47). Only behavior change techniques (Hedge's g = 0.54, 95% CI, 0.18–0.90, p < 0.001) played a significant role in this relationship.

Conclusions
A single bout of physical activity can improve academic outcomes in school-aged youth, which may serve as a complementary tool for the educational field. However, the observed heterogeneity in the results indicates that we should interpret the findings obtained with caution.


Keywordsstudy performanceclassroom workphysical activityphysical trainingmotor learning

Free keywordsacademic achievement; active breaks; classroom behavior; motor activity; physically active learning


Contributing organizations


Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

Preliminary JUFO rating2


Last updated on 2024-13-02 at 10:57