A1 Journal article (refereed)
The Impact of Multimorbidity Patterns on Changes in Physical Activity and Physical Capacity Among Older Adults Participating in a Year-Long Exercise Intervention (2024)


Savikangas, T., Savolainen, T., Tirkkonen, A., Alén, M., Hautala, A. J., Laukkanen, J. A., Rantalainen, T., Törmäkangas, T., & Sipilä, S. (2024). The Impact of Multimorbidity Patterns on Changes in Physical Activity and Physical Capacity Among Older Adults Participating in a Year-Long Exercise Intervention. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 32(2), 213-224. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2022-0397


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editorsSavikangas, Tiina; Savolainen, Taija; Tirkkonen, Anna; Alén, Markku; Hautala, Arto J.; Laukkanen, Jari A.; Rantalainen, Timo; Törmäkangas, Timo; Sipilä, Sarianna

Journal or seriesJournal of Aging and Physical Activity

ISSN1063-8652

eISSN1543-267X

Publication year2024

Volume32

Issue number2

Pages range213-224

PublisherHuman Kinetics

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2022-0397

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/92275


Abstract

This study investigated the impact of multimorbidity patterns on physical activity and capacity outcomes over the course of a year-long exercise intervention, and on physical activity 1 year later. Participants were 314 physically inactive communitydwelling men and women aged 70–85 years, with no contraindications for exercise at baseline. Physical activity was selfreported. Physical capacity measurements included five-time chair-stand time, 6-minute walking distance, and maximal isometric knee-extension strength. The intervention included supervised and home-based strength, balance, and walking exercises. Multimorbidity patterns comprised physician-diagnosed chronic disease conditions as a predictor cluster and body mass index as a measure of obesity. Multimorbidity patterns explained 0%–12% of baseline variance and 0%–3% of the change in outcomes. The magnitude and direction of the impact of unique conditions varied by outcome, time point, and sex. Multimorbid older adults with no contraindications for exercise may benefit from multimodal physical training.


Keywordsolder peoplephysical trainingphysical functioningperformance (capacity)functional capacityintervention study

Free keywordsphysical training; physical functioning; physical performance; chronic conditions; community-dwelling


Contributing organizations


Related projects


Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

Preliminary JUFO rating1


Last updated on 2024-09-04 at 15:40