A1 Journal article (refereed)
Eriytyvä varhaiskasvatus? : erot yksityisten ja julkisten päiväkotien lähialueissa (2023)
Segregating early childhood education? : differences of the neighborhoods of public and private ECEC centers in Finland

Ruutiainen, V., Paananen, M., & Fjällström, S. (2023). Eriytyvä varhaiskasvatus? : erot yksityisten ja julkisten päiväkotien lähialueissa. Kasvatus, 54(5), 434-449. https://doi.org/10.33348/kvt.142131

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsRuutiainen, Ville; Paananen, Maiju; Fjällström, Salla

Journal or seriesKasvatus



Publication year2023

Publication date18/12/2023


Issue number5

Pages range434-449

PublisherSuomen kasvatustieteellinen seura

Publication countryFinland

Publication languageFinnish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessDelayed open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/92838


The number of private early childhood education and care (ECEC) centers has increased during the recent decade in Finland. The clientele of private ECEC consists typically of families whose socioeconomic status (SES) is higher than on average. In this article, we examine how private and public ECEC centers in Finland are located in different types of neighborhoods. The data consisted of ownership and funding data of ECEC centers and municipality as well as zip code based data of the socioeconomic and urban structure of the areas. The data was analyzed using crosstabulation and multinomial logistic regression. The results indicate that private ECEC centers are overrepresented in urban municipalities and inner urban and high SES neighborhoods. Segregation entails also more subtle differences related to the form of ownership and funding. Based on our research, examining the parents’ early childhood education decisions alone is not sufficient to explain the socioeconomic differentiation of the clientele of private and public ECEC centers. The differentiation seems to be explained at least partly by the different locations of the ECEC centers.

Keywordsearly childhood education and careday careday care centresprivate servicespublic servicesmunicipalitiesdiversificationregional differencessocioeconomic factors

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

Preliminary JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 18:55