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In search for climate neutrality in ice hockey : A case of carbon footprint reduction in a Finnish professional team (2024)

Uusitalo, V., Halonen, V., Koljonen, H., Heikkinen, S., & Claudelin, A. (2024). In search for climate neutrality in ice hockey : A case of carbon footprint reduction in a Finnish professional team. Journal of Environmental Management, 355, Article 120455. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2024.120455

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Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajatUusitalo, Ville; Halonen, Vilma; Koljonen, Heidi; Heikkinen, Suvi; Claudelin, Anna

Lehti tai sarjaJournal of Environmental Management








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Julkaisu on rinnakkaistallennettu (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/93825


Mitigation actions in all sectors of society, including sports, to limit global warming have become an increasingly hot topic in public discussions and sports management. However, so far, there has been a lack of understanding and practical examples of how these organizations, especially in team sports, can holistically assess and reduce their climate impacts to achieve carbon neutrality. This paper presents a carbon footprint assessment, implemented actions for GHG emission reduction, and offers the example of a professional Finnish ice hockey team that achieved carbon neutrality. The study is based on a life cycle assessment method. The Results show that the team’s carbon footprint was reduced from 350 tCO2eq by more than 50% between seasons 2018–2019 and 2021–2022 in the assessed categories. The most GHG emission reductions were achieved in the team’s and spectators’ mobility and ice hall energy consumption. Furthermore, the team compensated for their remaining emissions to achieve carbon neutrality. Multiple possibilities for further GHG emission reductions were recognized. The majority of the GHG emissions were linked to the Scope 3 category, indicating that co-operation with partners and stakeholders was a key to success in attaining carbon neutrality. This paper also discusses the possible limitations and challenges that sport organizations face in assessing climate impacts and reducing GHG emissions, as well as the prospects of overcoming them. Since there are many opportunities for sports to contribute to climate change mitigation, relevant targets and actions to reduce GHG emissions should be integrated into all sport organizations’ management.


Vapaat asiasanatclimate neutrality; carbon footprint; sports management; ice hockey; life cycle assessment; environmental management

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Viimeisin päivitys 2024-03-07 klo 01:06