A1 Journal article (refereed)
Examining Bridge Employment From a Self-employment Perspective : Evidence From the Health and Retirement Study (2017)

von Bonsdorff, M., Zhan, Y., Song, Y., & Wang, M. (2017). Examining Bridge Employment From a Self-employment Perspective : Evidence From the Health and Retirement Study. Work, Aging and Retirement, 3(3), 298-312. https://doi.org/10.1093/workar/wax012

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsvon Bonsdorff, Monika; Zhan, Yujie; Song, Yifan; Wang, Mo

Journal or seriesWork, Aging and Retirement



Publication year2017


Issue number3

Pages range298-312

PublisherOxford University Press

Place of PublicationOxford

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOther way freely accessible online

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/54812


This study examines bridge employment decision-making from a self-employment perspective using 3 prominent retirement theories, the life course perspective, continuity theory and role theory. Focusing on self-employment extends the current theoretical understanding of bridge employment and offers interesting implications for retirement policy-making. Specifically, using longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study (n = 2,080), we conducted multinomial regression analysis to examine who were more/less likely to fully retire, enter bridge employment in the wage-and-salary form, or enter bridge employment in the self-employment form. Furthermore, we examined the role of pre-retirement self-employment status, to provide us with more information on the very much understudied retirement process of entrepreneurs and self-employed workforce. Our findings indicated that self-employment can be considered as an independent form of bridge employment, apart from bridge employment in wage-and-salary jobs. Furthermore, the decision to enter different forms of bridge employment, including self-employment, may stem from a variety of antecedents. Practical implications of this study are also discussed.

Keywordsemploymentretirementempirical research

Free keywordsself-employment; bridge employment

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2017

JUFO rating0

Last updated on 2024-11-05 at 17:06