A1 Journal article (refereed)
Analyzing Measurement Invariance of the Students’ Engagement Instrument Brief Version : The Cases of Denmark, Finland, and Portugal (2018)

Virtanen, T., Moreira, P., Ulvseth, H., Andersson, H., Tetler, S., & Kuorelahti, M. (2018). Analyzing Measurement Invariance of the Students’ Engagement Instrument Brief Version : The Cases of Denmark, Finland, and Portugal. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 33(4), 297-313. https://doi.org/10.1177/0829573517699333

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Virtanen, Tuomo; Moreira, P.; Ulvseth, H.; Andersson, H.; Tetler, S.; Kuorelahti, Matti

Journal or series: Canadian Journal of School Psychology

ISSN: 0829-5735

eISSN: 2154-3984

Publication year: 2018

Volume: 33

Issue number: 4

Pages range: 297-313

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc.

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0829573517699333

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/62660


The promotion of students’ engagement with school is an internationally acknowledged challenge in education. There is a need to examine the structure of the concept of student engagement and to discover the best practices for fostering it across societies. That is why the cross-cultural invariance testing of students’ engagement measures is highly needed. This study aimed, first, to find the reduced set of theoretically valid items to represent students’ affective and cognitive engagement forming the Brief-SEI (brief version of the Student Engagement Instrument; SEI). The second aim was to test the measurement invariance of the Brief-SEI across three countries (Denmark, Finland, and Portugal). A total of 4,437 seventh-grade students completed the SEI questionnaires in the three countries. The analyses revealed that of the total 33 original instrument items, 15 items indicated acceptable psychometric properties of the Brief-SEI. With these 15 items, cross-national factorial validity and invariances across genders and students with different levels of academic performance (samples from Finland and Portugal) were demonstrated. This article discusses the utility of the Brief-SEI in cross-cultural research and its applicability in different national school contexts.

Keywords: students; study; committing oneself; school (phenomena); cross-cultural research

Free keywords: supporting students’ engagement with school; cross-cultural student engagement research; Student Engagement Instrument; measurement invariance

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Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2018

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2023-27-02 at 12:05