A1 Journal article (refereed)
Addition of thiourea and hydrochloric acid : Accurate nanogram level analysis of mercury in humic-rich natural waters by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (2020)


Kulomäki, Suvi; Perämäki, Siiri; Väisänen, Ari (2020). Addition of thiourea and hydrochloric acid : Accurate nanogram level analysis of mercury in humic-rich natural waters by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Talanta, 218, 121125. DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2020.121125


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Publication details

All authors or editors: Kulomäki, Suvi; Perämäki, Siiri; Väisänen, Ari

Journal or series: Talanta

ISSN: 0039-9140

eISSN: 1873-3573

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 218

Article number: 121125

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication country: Netherlands

Publication language: English

DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2020.121125

Open Access: Publication channel is not openly available


Abstract

An analytical method was developed for the direct determination of total mercury in natural waters at low ng L−1 level by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The presented method overcomes previously observed problems relating to poor spike recoveries by adding 0.12% thiourea in addition to 3% HCl to all samples and standards. The sample preparation is fast and easy to perform by the developed method since it requires only the addition of HCl and thiourea to the water samples. A very low instrument detection limit (0.4 ng L−1) was obtained without time-consuming preconcentration procedures. The accuracy and precision of the developed method were found excellent by the analysis of a certified groundwater reference material (ERM-CA615). The determined Hg concentration of 38.6 ± 0.5 ng L−1 was within the 95% confidence interval of the certified concentration of 37 ± 4 ng L−1. The analysis of natural water samples showed that total mercury levels ranged from concentrations lower than the method detection limit (2.0 ng L−1) to 10.9 ng L−1. Excellent recoveries of 96–108% for inorganic mercury (iHg) and 102–110% for methylmercury (MeHg) were obtained for spiked humic-rich natural water samples. To our knowledge, the developed method is the first ICP-MS method for the analysis of humic-rich natural water samples at ng L−1 concentrations without the need for hyphenated techniques or preconcentration procedures.


Keywords: environmental chemistry; chemical analysis; water analysis; mercury; concentration (chemical properties); spectrometry; hydrochloric acid; humus lakes

Free keywords: total mercury; ultra-trace concentration; inductively coupled plasma mass; spectrometry; humic-rich natural water; thiourea; hydrochloric acid


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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1


Last updated on 2020-09-07 at 23:08